PL EN


2007 | 2 | 1(3) | 7-22
Article title

Samokontrola i wpływy bodźców afektywnych na ocenianie

Title variants
EN
SELF-CONTROL AND THE INFLUENCE OF AFFECTIVE STIMULI ON JUDGMENTS
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
In order to explain the influence of affect on judgments a functional approach is proposed in the article. The author demonstrates that an emotional stimulus influences judgment: a) in the direction in which it prompts (assimilation effect), b) in the opposite direction (contrast effect) or c) not at all; and that the influence is not determined by awareness/lack of awareness of the stimulus itself, but by the strength of motivation. Many experiments applying the affective priming paradigm supported the notion that the attenuation of self-control through deactivation of goals or cognitive overloading leads to an assimilation effect. In these cases assimilation was observed even in response to long-lasting exposition of affective stimuli (1000 msec, which is sufficient for conscious perception). However, intensifying self-control, i.e. error checking (monitoring), favored contrast effects, also in the case of preconscious attention engagement (when the exposure time was too short for conscious perception – e.g. 20 msec). Such a phenomenon can be explained by attention-automatic rebound hypothesis, derived from Wegner’s theory of ironic processes of mental control. A compilation of research and a preliminary experiment support this hypothesis.
Publisher

Year
Volume
2
Issue
Pages
7-22
Physical description
Contributors
  • Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Wydział Zamiejscowy w Sopocie, ul. Polna 16/20,81-745 Sopot, Poland, alina.kolanczyk@swps.edu.pl
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2deea0e5-edbf-491e-bc14-8eec5cc66009
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