Stosunek cnót do uczuć w filozofii św. Tomasza z Akwinu, na przykładzie cnoty męstwa
The relation between virtues and feelings in Thomas Aquinas’ philosophy. An example of fortitude
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The article focuses on the problem of relation between human feelings and habits. It shows their mutual relations in general, and it illustrates them on a example of fortitude and related feelings. The example of fortitude shows how essential is development of virtues in the context of moral life. Virtues allow to surrender appetite and temper to the dominion of reason and will. The lack of habituation of reason and will, in the context of exercising power of reason and will, condemns a man to immoral life, which is guided by passions. In the same time, it is great limitation of man, because impossibility of applying reason and will in action reduces man to animal which is guided by instincts and feelings.
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