Tell el-Retábí - život sídliska a pevnosti vo Wádí Tumilát
Tell el-Retaba - the life of a settlement and a fortress in Wadi Tumilat
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This paper presents the results of nine seasons of the joint Polish-Siovak archaeological mission in Tell ei-Retaba in Wadi Tumilat, conducted since 2007. The results of the excavation have been published so far in several preliminary reports. The work of the Polish-Siovak team at the site has brought new insights into the long history of the site and corrected some outdated information, based on more or less regular initial surveys and excavations. In this article, the main features of the settlement in respective periods are described, starting with the oldest occupation phase during the Second Intermediate Period, represented by a cemetery and a settlement. The excavated archaeological material sheds more light on the problematic end of this period and informs us about life during the early New Kingdom. It has enabled us to much better reconstruct the development of the Ramesside fortresses with their elaborated fortification system, temple as well as buildings for their inhabitants. Important proofs of far-reaching international contacts with the regions of Levant as well as the Aegean have been found. Last but not least, the later life of the settlement during the Third Intermediate Period can now be partly reconstructed, showing the continuing importance of the site.
- Ústav orientalistiky, Slovenská akadémia vied, Bratislava, email@example.com
- Institut für Klassische Archäologie, Universität Wien
- Institut für Orientalische und Europaische Archäologie der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, firstname.lastname@example.org
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