Postawy prospołeczne a religijność
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Pro-social attitudes and religiousness
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The present article is a report on empirical studies of relations between pro-social behaviours on the one hand and personal religiousness as well as anxiety and fascination with God on the other. Pro-social behaviours are understood here as voluntary and unselfish actions undertaken in order to bring good and profit to other people who are in need. What is essential in them is the fact that they are not accompanied by expectation of external rewards (cf. Macaulay and Berkowitz 1970, p. 3). For measuring them J. Śliwak’s A-N Questionnaire was used. Personal religiousness was studied with R. Jaworski’s SRP (1989), and anxiety and fascination with God with J. Szymołon’s SliF (1999a). In the studies 100 USKW students took part (50 men and 100 women). The obtained results confirm the hypothesis that pro-social behaviours are related to personal religiousness, filial anxiety and fascination. The closest relations are the ones with personal religiousness and the weakest with fascination. Slavish anxiety does not reveal such relations, but in the strict sense it also does not have a religious character.
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