PL EN


2015 | 18 | 293-310
Article title

Arist. Rhet. 2.23.1398b and the cult of Pythagoras

Authors
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
In the present article I would like to focus on three things: the usefulness of Alcidamas’s fragment (cited in Arist. Rhet. 2.23.1398b) for the procedure of establishing when the cult of poets/intellectuals began, the suitability of the terminology in scholarly papers which refer to the problem, and the validity of the information about Pythagoras. In conclusion it is proposed that there are no existing testimonies supporting the (weak) hypothesis that the phrase καὶ Ἰταλιῶται Πυθαγόραν featuring in manuscripts of Rhetoric is authentic. Few late testimonies are either too vague or they indicate only Crotone and Metapontum, and not Greeks from the Italian peninsula in general. Such a perspective is not typical (to say the least) and at most reveals that the mention of respecting Pythagoras by those Greeks is not to be trusted fully. In the form as we know it, the phrase does not harmonize neither with the times of Alcidamas nor with the passage quoted by Aristotle.
Year
Issue
18
Pages
293-310
Physical description
Contributors
author
  • Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
References
  • Avezzu G., 1982 (ed.), Alcidamante: Orazioni e Frammenti, Roma.
  • Bershadsky N. 2011, ‘A Picnic, a Tomb, and a Crow: Hesiod’s Cult in the Works and Days’, HSCP, 106, pp. 1-45.
  • Bohringer F. 1979, ‘Cultes d’athlètes en Grèce classique : propos politiques, discours mythiques’, REA 81, pp. 5–18.
  • Boyancé P., 1936, Le culte des Muses chez les philosophes grecs, études d’histoire et de psychologie religieuses, Paris.Avezzu G., 1982 (ed.), Alcidamante: Orazioni e Frammenti, Roma.
  • Bershadsky N. 2011, ‘A Picnic, a Tomb, and a Crow: Hesiod’s Cult in the Works and Days’, HSCP, 106, pp. 1-45.
  • Bohringer F. 1979, ‘Cultes d’athlètes en Grèce classique : propos politiques, discours mythiques’, REA 81, pp. 5–18.
  • Boyancé P., 1936, Le culte des Muses chez les philosophes grecs, études d’histoire et de psychologie religieuses, Paris.
  • Boyancé P., 1966, ‘L’influence pythagoricienne sur Platon’, [in:] Atti del V Convegno di Studi sulla Magna Grecia, Taranto 1965, Naples, pp. 104-110.
  • Clay D., 2004, Archilochos Heros: The Cult of Poets in the Greek Polis, Cambridge.
  • Compton T., 2006, Victim of the Muses: Poet as Scapegoat, Warrior, and Hero in Greco-Roman and Indo-European Myth and History, Harvard.
  • Connolly A., 1998, ‘Was Sophocles heroised as Dexion?‚ JHS 118, pp. 1-21.
  • Fontenrose J. 1968, ‘The hero as athlete’, CSCA 1, pp. 73–104.
  • Ford A. L., 2009, The Origins of Criticism, Princeton–Oxford.
  • Freyer-Schauenburg B., 1992, ‘Pythagoras und die Musen?’, [in:] Kotinos. Festschrift fuer Erika Simon, Mainz, pp. 323-329.
  • Gahtan M. W., Pegazzano D. (eds.), 2014, Museum Archetypes and Collecting in the Ancient Worldworld, Leiden.
  • Geiger J., 2014, Hellenism in the East: Studies on Greek intellectuals in Palestine, Stuttgart.
  • Graziosi B., 2002, Inventing Homer, Cambridge.
  • Haake M., 2008, ‘Philosopher and Priest: The image of the Intellectual and the Social Practice of the Elites in the Eastern Roman Empire (First–Third Centuries AD)’, [in:] B. Dignas, K. Trampedach (eds.), Practitioners of the Divine: Greek Priests and Religious Officials from Homer to Heliodorus, Cambridge MA, pp. 145-165.
  • Hägg T., 2012, The Art of Biography in Antiquity, Cambridge–New York.
  • Huffman C., 2013, ‘Plato and Pythaogoreans’, [in:] G. Cornelli et al. (eds.), On Pythagoreanism, Berlin–Boston, pp. 237-270.
  • Kassel R., 1971, Der Text der aristotelischen Rhetorik. Prolegomena zu einer kritischen Ausgabe, Berlin–New York.
  • Kassel R. (ed.), 1976, Aristotelis Ars rhetorica, Leiden.
  • Kimmel-Clauzet F., 2013, Morts, tombeaux et cultes des poètes grecs, Bordeaux.
  • Larson J. 1995, Greek Heroine Cults, Madison.
  • Mojsik T., 2011, Antropologia metapoetyki. Muzy w kulturze greckiej od Homera do końca V w. p.n.e., Warszawa.
  • Mojsik T., 2013, ‘Some Reflections on the Muses and the cult of the dead’, Przegląd Humanistyczny, 437, pp. 79-85.
  • Mojsik T. (forthcoming), ‘Hermippus FGrH 1026 F84 - Dionysius I, the Theatre and the Cult of the Muses in Syracuse’.
  • Muir J.V. (ed.), 2001, Alcidamas: The Works & Fragments, Bristol.
  • Provenza A., 2013, ‘La morte di Pitagora e i culti delle Muse e di Demetra. Mousiké ed escatologia nelle comunità pitagoriche di Magna Grecia’, Hormos. Ricerche Di Storia Antica 5, pp. 53–69.
  • Richardson N. J., 1981, ‘The Contest of Homer and Hesiod and Alcidamas’ Mouseion’, CQ 31/1, pp. 1-10.
  • Slings S. R., 1989, ‘Poet’s call and poet’s status in archaic Greece and other oral cultures’, Listy filologické / Folia philologica 112/2, pp. 72-80.
  • Sommerstein A., 2010, ‘Aeschylus’ epitaph’, [in:] The Tangled Ways of Zeus: And Other Studies in and around Greek tragedy, Oxford, pp. 195-201.
  • Thurot Ch., 1861, ‘Observations critiques sur la Rhetorique d’Aristote’, Rev. archeol. 5, pp. 40-61.
  • Vallet G., 1974, ‘Le Stenopos des Muses à Métaponte’, [in:] Mélanges de philosophie, de littérature et d’histoire ancienne offerts à Pierre Boyancé, Rome, pp. 749-759.
  • Vatai F. L., 1984, Intellectuals in Politics in the Greek World: From Early Times to the Hellenistic Age, London.
  • Visser M. 1982, ‘Worship Your Enemy: Aspects of the Cult of Heroes in Ancient Greece’, HThR 75, pp. 403–428.
  • Wilson P., 2007, ‘Sicilian Choruses’, [in:] P. Wilson (ed.), The Greek Theatre and Festivals. Documentary Studies, Oxford, pp. 351-377.
  • Wypustek A., 2013, Images of Eternal Beauty in Funerary Verse Inscriptions of the Hellenistic and Greco-Roman Periods, Leiden.
  • Zanker P., 1995, The Mask of Socrates: The Image of the Intellectual in Antiquity, Berkeley.
  • Zhmud L., 2006, Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans, Oxford.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2e3731df-12d7-413d-9768-70ff7384dfac
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.