2013 | 7 | 21-34
Article title

Who Controls the Green Economy? – Some Critical Questions

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Green Economy is often seen as a remedy to the largely failed efforts of sustainable development. This paper unpacks and discusses the ambiguities of strategies towards a Green Economy in order to encourage reflection about its potential unintended and undesired outcomes. It juxtaposes current arguments in favour of Green Economy with real economic, political and cultural developments. Three arguments receive special attention: first, the proposition that the Green Economy reformulates the failed or at least insufficient strategies of sustainable development; second, the assumption that “economy” and “ecology” can now be reconciled; and third, the assumed positive effects of greening of the economy for countries in the Global South and their fight against poverty. The paper argues that the Green Economy can turn out to be a false promise.
Pomimo licznych sukcesów polityka zrównoważonego rozwoju nie powiodła się. Ekologiczne, społeczne i ekonomiczne problemy nie zostały rozwiązane. Strategia zielonej gospodarki wydaje się być uaktualnieniem zrównoważonego rozwoju. Celem artykułu jest pokazanie dwuznaczności zielonej gospodarki. Ma ona pokazać wszystkie efekty tego typu polityki, również te, które nie są intencją państw ją wprowadzających. W tekście zestawiono niektóre z argumentów na rzecz zielonej gospodarki z realnymi uwarunkowaniami gospodarczymi, politycznymi i kulturowymi. Trzy z nich zasługują na szczególną uwagę. Pierwszy związany jest z tezą, że zielona gospodarka stanowi przeformułowanie strategii zrównoważonego rozwoju. Druga teza zakłada, że „gospodarkę" i „ekologię" można teraz pogodzić, trzecia wreszcie – że zielona gospodarka ma pozytywny wplyw na rozwój gospodarczy krajów Południa i służy walce z ubóstwem.
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