Notatki florystyczne z lat 1984-1990 z niektórych terenów cennych przyrodniczo w granicach miasta Przemyśla
FLORISTIC NOTES FROM YEARS 1984 - 1990 FROM SOME VALUABLE NATURAL AREAS WITHIN THE CITY OF PRZEMYSL
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This paper is based on a series of floristic notes collected between 1984 - 1990 from the areas of high nature conservation value within the city of Przemysl. These valuable natural areas were characterized by having high plant species richness. A total of 468 species (excluding from synanthropic habitats) were found, which represents 46% of the total number of taxa identified so far within the city. A total of 254 species were recorded in the area No.1; 330 species in the area No. 2; and 245 species in the area No. 3. The floristically richest area in terms of rare and protected species was found to be area No. 2 - around Winna Gora. This site supported species such as: Aruncus sylvestris, Campanula sibirica, Cerasus fruticosa, Dactylorhiza incarnata, D. maculata, D. majalis, Daphne mezereum, Dianthus Armeria, Epipactis palustris, Koeleria macrantha, Linum austriacum, Listera ovata, Orobanche picridis, Parnassia palustris, Platanthera bifolia, Polypodium vulgare, Ribes nigrum, Rosa gallica. Area No.1, around Tatar Mound and Kruhel, was distinguished by the presence of species such as: Calluna vulgaris, Campanula rotundifolia, Eriophorum angustifolium, Genista germanica, Gentiana cruciata, Gymnadenia conopsea, Jasione montana, Laserpitium latifolium, Menyanthes trifoliata, Sedum acre, Tofieldia calyculata, Trifolium alpestre, T. rubens, Veronica teucrium. Area No. 3, Lipowica and south along the Ostrów beck, was distinguished by the presence of such taxa as Aposeris foetida, Centaurium erythraea, Equisetum hyemale, Eriophorum latifolium Dentaria glandulosa, Gentianella ciliata, Neottia nidus-avis, Vinca minor. In recent years some of these areas have been significantly transformed: a ski lift and slope have been built within the area No. 1; the area around Mound Tatar has been converted into recreational grounds; a large part of area No .2 has been occupied by the construction of a by-pass road (the Budy loess ravines and Szajbówka); while the remainder has been overtaken by secondary succession to rank grassland and overgrown scrub. The majority of area No. 3 (around Lipowica) is well preserved, but a lot of land is now occupied by private housing, and some places have lost their floristic richness as a result of natural succession after the abandonment of grazing and cutting. Considering the importance of the remnants of the described natural areas all possible initiatives should be taken in order to accurately investigate them and take all necessary steps to grant them legal protection.
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