PL EN


Journal
2019 | 51 | 123-151
Article title

An Analysis of Chinese Ecomuseums in Relation to Ecomuseum Theories and Principles

Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The main aim of this article is to reflect on the status of ecomuseums in China. There have been both ecomuseums and discourse about them for many years in China. However, despite the existence of academic literature on ecomuseums and therefore to the general theory of ecomuseums, from some points of view Chinese ecomuseums do not seem to be aligned with general ecomuseum principles. This article reflects both on how well ecomuseums in China fit the ecomuseum characteristics defined by the theory and, ultimately, on what we can learn from the Chinese experience. Our discussion is developed on the basis of both the existing academic literature and interviews conducted by the authors.
Keywords
EN
Journal
Year
Volume
51
Pages
123-151
Physical description
Contributors
  • Univ. of Milan Bicocca
author
  • Xiamen Univ.
References
  • Bennett T., Civic laboratories: museums, cultural objecthood and the governance of the social in: Cultural studies 19, 5/2005, pp. 521–547.
  • Benoist L., Musées et muséologie, PUF, Paris 1971.
  • Borrelli N. & Davis P., How culture shapes nature: Reflections on ecomuseum practices in: Nature and Culture 7, 1/2012, pp. 31–47.
  • Bourdieu P. & Wacquant L. J., Réponses: pour une anthropologie réflexive, Seuil, Paris 1992.
  • Buttimer A. & Seamon D., The human experience of space and place. London: Croom Helm in: Transactions, Institute of British Geographers NS 18, 1980, pp. 460–480.
  • Cars G. & al., Urban governance, institutional capacity and social milieu, Routledge, London 2017.
  • Chio J., A landscape of travel. The work of tourism in rural ethnic China, University of Washington Press, Washington 2014.
  • Coaffee J. & Healey P., ‘My voice: My place’: Tracking transformations in urban governance in: Urban studies 40, 10/2003, pp. 1979–1999.
  • Corsane G., From ‘outreach’ to ‘inreach’: How ecomuseum principles encourage community participation in museum processes in: Communication and exploration: Guiyang, China, (eds.) Su Dongai & J. Zhang, Zijin City Publishing House, Beijing 2005, pp. 109–124.
  • Corsane G., Using ecomuseum indicators to evaluate the Robben Island Museum and World Heritage Site in: Landscape Research 31, 4/2006, pp. 399–418.
  • Corsane G. & al., Ecomuseum Evaluation: Experiences in Piemonte and Liguria, Italy in: International Journal of Heritage Studies 13, 2/2007, pp. 101–116.
  • Corsane G. & al., Ecomuseum Performance in Piemonte and Liguria, Italy: The Significance of Capital in: International Journal of Heritage Studies 13, 3/2007, pp. 224–239.
  • Corsane G. & Holleman W., Ecomuseums: A Brief Evaluation in: Museums and the Environment, (ed.) R. de Jong, South African Museums Association, Pretoria 1993, pp. 111–125.
  • Davis P., Ecomuseums: A Sense of Place, Leicester University Press, London 1999.
  • Davis P., New Museologies and the Ecomuseum in: Research Companion to Heritage and Identity, (eds.) B. Graham & P. Howard, Ashgate, London 2008, pp. 397–414.
  • Davis P., Ecomuseums: A Sense of Place, [2nd ed.] A&C Black, London 2011. GCI (Getty Conservation Institute), China Principles (1997–2015): Application of the China Principles at Maogao Grottoes, Los Angeles, page updated on August 2019 [available at http://www.getty.edu/conservation/our_projects/field_projects/china/app_mogao.html, retrieved Oct. 2, 2019].
  • Goulding C., The commodification of the past, postmodern pastiche, and the search for authentic experiences at contemporary heritage attractions in: European Journal of Marketing 34, 7/2000, pp. 835–853.
  • Graburn N. & Jin L., Tourism and Museums in China in: Asian Journal of Tourism Research 2, 1/2017, pp. 1–34.
  • Hahn T., Olsson P., Folke C., & Johansson K., Trust–building, knowledge generation and organizational innovations: the role of a bridging organization for adaptive comanagement of a wetland landscape around Kristianstad, Sweden in: Human ecology 34, 4/2006, pp. 573–592.
  • Hamrin O. & Mats H., The Ecomuseum Bergslagen Falun: Ekomuseum Bergslagen in: Nordisk Museologi 2, 1996, pp. 27–34.
  • Hillier J. & Rooksby E. (eds.), Habitus: A sense of place, Ashgate, London 2005.
  • Hu C., Ecomuseums in Guizhou: Practice and Exploration in: Communication and Exploration: International Forum of Ecomuseums 9, 2005, pp. 15–18.
  • Hu C., Liuzhi Yuanze yu Minzu Wenhua Baohu [Liuzhi Principle and the Protection of Ethnic Culture] in: Zhongguo Wenwu Bao [Chinese Cultural Relics News] (2005–01–21), 2005, p. 5.
  • Hubert F., Ecomuseums in France: Contradictions and Distortions in: Chinese Museum 37, 1986, pp. 78–82.
  • Hudson K., Museums of Influence, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1987.
  • Hudson K., The Dream and the Reality in: Museums Journal 92, 4/1992, pp. 27–31.
  • Hudson K., Ecomuseums Become More Realistic in: Nordisk Museologi 7, 2/1996, pp. 11–20.
  • ICOMOS China, Zhongguo Wenwu Guji Baohu Zhunze [Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China], The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles 2002 [available at http://www.getty.edu/conservation.publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/china_prin_heritage_sites.pdf, retrieved Oct. 1, 2019].
  • McCall V. & Gray C., Museums and the ‘new museology’: theory, practice and organisational change in: Museum Management and Curatorship 29, 1/2014, pp. 19–35.
  • Mensch van P., Towards a methodology of museology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb 1992.
  • Navajas O., New Common Perspectives for Ecomuseums, Community Museums, and Cultural Landscapes in: Ecomuseums and cultural landscapes. State of the art, (ed.) R. Riva, Studi e progetti, Milano 2017.
  • Newton J. & Franklin A., Delivering sustainable communities in China: using a sustainable livelihoods framework for reviewing the promotion of “ecotourism” in Anji in: Local Environment 16, 8/2011, pp. 789–806.
  • Nguyen T. H. H. & Cheung C., Authenticity and commodification of Hong Kong heritage tourism in: Proceedings of Invtur 2017 Conference. Co–creating the future of tourism, University of Aveiro Press, Aveiro 2017 [available at https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/154425375.pdf, retrieved Oct. 10, 2019].
  • Nitzky W., Mediating Heritage Preservation and Rural Development: Ecomuseum Development in China in: Urban Anthropology 41, 2–3–4/2012, pp. 367–417.
  • Nitzky W., Ecomuseums with Chinese Characteristics: The Politics of Safe- guarding Living Heritage in: Proceedings of Ecomuseums 2012 – 1st International Conference on Ecomuseums, Community Museums and
  • Living Communities, (eds.) S. Lira, R. Amoêda, C. Pinheiro, P. Davis, M. Stefano & G. Corsane, Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development, Barcelos 2012, pp. 259–270.
  • Nitzky W., Community Empowerment at the Periphery? Participatory Approaches to Heritage Protection in Guizhou, China in: Cultural Heritage Politics in China, (eds.) T. R Blumenfield & H. Silverman, Springer, New York 2013, pp. 205–234.
  • Olsson P., Folke C., Galaz V., Hahn T., & Schultz L., Enhancing the fit through adaptive co–management: creating and maintaining bridging functions for matching scales in the Kristianstads Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve, Sweden in: Ecology and Society 12, 1/2007 [available at https://www.ecology andsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art28/, retrieved Oct. 10, 2019].
  • Pan S., Shengtai Bowuguan ji qi zai Zhongguo de Fazhan: Lishi xing Guancha yu Sikao [Ecomuseum and Its Development in China: Chronicle Observation and Perspectives] in: Chinese Museum Z1, 2011, pp. 24–33.
  • Pan S., Di San Dai Shengtai Bowuguan yu Anji Shengtai Bowuguan Qun Jianshe de Lilun Sikao [Theoretical Discussion on the Third–Generation Ecomuseums and the Construction of Anji Ecomuseum Cluster] in: Southeast Culture 236, 2013, pp. 86–93.
  • Pan S., Self–cognition and Self–education at Ecomuseum: From ‘Information Center’ to ‘Cognition Center’ in: Science Education and Museums 1, 2015, pp. 35–38.
  • Plummer R., Armitage D., & de Loë R., Adaptive comanagement and its relationship to environmental governance in: Ecology and Society 18, 1/2013 [available at https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss1/art21/, retrieved Oct. 5, 2019].
  • Primo J., Museus Locais e Ecomuseologia: Estudos do Projeto para o Ecomuseu da Murtosa in: Cadernos de Museologia 30, 2008 [available at https://revistas.ulusofona.pt/index.php/cadernosociomuseologia/issue/vie w/47, retrieved 10.10.2019].
  • Rivard R., Opening up the Museum or Toward a New Museology: Ecomuseums and “Open” Museums, Québec 1984 [copy of manuscrit held at the Documentation Centre, Direction des Musées, Paris].
  • Rivard R., Museums and ecomuseums: questions and answers in: Økomu- seumsboka–Identitet, Økologi, Deltakelse, (eds.) J. Gjestrum & R. Maure, Norsk ICOM, Tromsø 1988, pp. 123–128.
  • Rivière G. H., The Ecomuseum: An Evolutive Definition in: Museum Interna- tional 37, 4/1985, pp. 182–184 [Chinese text transl. by Meng Qing–long].
  • Schultz L., Folke C., & Olsson P., Enhancing ecosystem management through social–ecological inventories: lessons from Kristianstads Vattenrike, Sweden in: Environmental Conservation 34, 2/2007, pp.140–152.
  • Shepherd R., Commodification, culture and tourism in: Tourist Studies 2, 2002, pp. 183–201.
  • Sofield T. H. B. & Li F. M., Tourism Development and Cultural Policies in China in: Annals of Tourism Research 25, 2/1998, pp. 362–392.
  • Su D., Zhongguo Shengtai Bowuguan de Daolu [Chinese Ecomuseum: The Path of Development] in: Chinese Museum 22, 3/2005, pp. 14–16.
  • Stead D. & Meijers E., Spatial Planning and Policy Integration: Concepts, Facilitators and Inhibitors in: Planning Theory & Practice 10, 3/2009, pp. 317–332.
  • Tuan Y.–F., Space and Place the Perspective of Experience, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis 1977.
  • UNWTO, UNWTO and China Organize First World Conference on Tourism for Development, Beijing 2016 [available at http://media.unwto.org/press–release/2016–02–24/unwto–and–china–organize–first–world–conference–tourism–development, retrieved Oct. 1, 2019].
  • Varine de H., Ecomuseum: The word and beyond in: Chinese Museum 37, 1986, pp. 76–77.
  • Varine de H., Rethinking the museum concept in: Økomuseumsboka – identitet, økologi, deltakelse, (eds.) J. A. Gjestrum & M. Maure, ICOM, Tromsø 1988, pp. 33–40.
  • Vergo P., The New museology, Reaktion Books, London 1989.
  • Westley F., Tjornbo O., Schultz L., Olsson P., Folke C., Crona B. & Bodin Ö., A theory of transformative agency in linked social–ecological systems in: Ecology and Society 18, 3/2013 [available at https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol18/iss3/art27/, retrieved Oct. 5, 2019].
  • Wu W., Cong Minzu Shengtai Bowuguan Kan Guangxi Minzu Shengtai Wenhua de Baohu yu Chuancheng [The Protecting and Passing of Ethnic Cultural Resources in Guangxi] in: Guangxi Minzu Yanjiu [Guangxi Minzu Studies] 88, 2/2007, pp. 199–205.
Notes
DOI 10.4467/00786500.ORG.19.005.11326
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2f539516-6da1-4698-87ec-18bb9e408a32
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.