Charakterystyka rodzaju i częstotliwości występowania urazów u zawodników trenujących biegi krótkie
Characteristics of the kind and frequency of injuries in short-distance runners
Languages of publication
Background. Today’s sport training resembles balancing on the edge between achieving high effort capacity and overtraining. Such overtraining may result in injuries of athletes’ motor system. The aim of the study was to characterize possible injuries occurring in athletes who practice short runs and to describe how these injuries are treated. Materials and methods. The study comprised 113 professional athletes (101 women and 53 men) practicing short runs. Mean age of an athlete was 22,3. The data were collected by means of the questionnaire designed by the authors for this study. Statistical data analysis was performed. Results. Investigation showed that as many as the 87,4% of respondents had some injury. Most of them were injuries of muscles, tendons and ligaments. The athletes often mentioned inappropriate warming up and too burdensome exercises as a direct cause of injury. Most of the respondents indicated a rest from training as the best treatment. A relation was observed between time devoted to weekly practice and the number of injuries (p = 0,82) as well as training experience and the number of injuries (p = 0,64) in the group of injured athletes. Conclusions. Athletics is a traumatic sport discipline. Injuries were most frequently located in lower limbs. The following elements are crucial in prevention of injuries: appropriate warming-up and appropriate intensity of training.
Publication order reference