Being Human Among Humans: Plurality in the Divided World
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The main thesis I put forward in this article is that the democratic theory needs an anthropological perspective which defines the human in plurality and signifies the pos-sibility of achieving a fully inclusive rational consensus. I argue that a model of democ-racy in terms of cosmopolitan anthropology can help us to better envision the main challenge facing universal norms and principles today. How to create democratic forms of living together? I think we can answer this question by interpreting Hannah Arendt’s theory of political action on a philosophical anthropological basis. It is common knowledge that Hannah Arendt is suspicious of ethics and warns that ethics and con-science alone cannot produce the conditions for peace. In the present paper, I examine Arendt’s philosophical project together with Kant’s philosophical anthropology and try to demonstrate its importance for plurality and living together in peace.
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