PL EN


2016 | 41 | 77-98
Article title

Polityczna rola diaspory na przykładzie krajów Europy Środkowo -Wschodniej

Title variants
EN
Political impact of diasporas. The case of Central and Eastern European and post-Soviet countries
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
Most of the Central and Eastern European and post-soviet countries have a longlasting tradition of emigration and possess large diasporas, often dispersed all over the world. Due to their volume and socio-economic position diasporas become on the one hand independent entities in international relations, on the other – influential actors on the political scene in the country of origin and targets of state’s policy. This article aims to analyze the political impact of diasporas on the relations with country of origin as well as on international politics. The case studies are countries of Central and Eastern Europe and post-soviet region. The article consists of four parts. The first is devoted to the conceptual considerations around the definition of diaspora and its role as subject and object of politics. The next two parts analyse the place of diasporas as actors in international relations and in the internal politics of the countries of origin. In the last section the diaspora politics are discussed, illustrated by selected examples of countries of the region.
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Warszawski
References
  • Agunias D., Newland K., Developing a Road Map for Engaging Diasporas in Development. A Handbook for Policymakers and Practitioners in Home and Host Countries, Geneva 2012.
  • Anderson B., Wspólnoty wyobrażone. Rozważania o źródłach i rozprzestrzenianiu się nacjonalizmu, przeł. S. Amsterdamski, Kraków 1997, Demokracja.
  • Brinkerhoff J., Diaspora Identity and the Potential for Violence: Toward an Identity-Mobilization Framework, „Identity” 2008, Vol. 8, nr 1, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15283480701787376.
  • Brubaker R., The „Diaspora” Diaspora, „Ethnic and Racial Studies” 2005, Vol. 28, nr 1.
  • Brubaker R., Migration, Membership, and the Modern Nation-State: Internal and External Dimensions of the Politics of Belonging, „Journal of Interdisciplinary History” 2010, Vol. 41, nr 1, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jinh.2010.41.1.61.
  • Brubaker R., Nationalizing States Revisited: Projects and Processes of Nationalization in Post-Soviet States, „Ethnic and Racial Studies” 2011, Vol. 34, nr 11, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10. 1080/01419870.2011.579137.
  • Butler K.D., Defining Diaspora, Refining a Discourse, „Diaspora” 2001, Vol. 10, nr 2, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dsp.2011.0014.
  • Cohen R., Global Diasporas. An Introduction, London 1999.
  • Collyer M., Inside out? Directly Elected „Special Representation” of Emigrants in National Legislatures and the Role of Popular Sovereignty, „Political Geography” 2014, Vol. 41, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2014.01.002.
  • De Haas H., Migration and Development: A Theoretical Perspective, „International Migration Review” 2010, Vol. 44, nr 1, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00804.x.
  • Diasporas in Conflict. Peace-Makers or Peace-Wreckers?, red. H. Smith, P. Stares, Tokyo 2007.
  • Diasporas. New Partners in Global Development Policy, red. K. Newland, Washington 2010.
  • Dragan A., Korzeniowska D.M., Tracz-Dral J., Finansowanie partii politycznych w wybranych krajach europejskich, Biuro Analiz i Dokumentacji Kancelarii Senatu, 2011, [online] http:// www.senat.gov.pl/gfx/senat/pl/senatopracowania/6/plik/ot-602.pdf.
  • Duşciac D., Moldovan Diaspora Organizations: an Asset for the Country’s European Integration.
  • Prezentacja na seminarium GFMD: „Mainstreaming Migration into Strategic Policy Development”, Chisinau, Moldova, 12-13 X 2011, [online] https://www.gfmd.org/moldovandiaspora-organizations-asset-country%E2%80%99s-european-integration-dorin-du%C5%9Fciac-moldovan.
  • Economic Policy Research Center, Georgian Diaspora Study, 2012, [online] http://www.eprc.ge/admin/editor/uploads/files/GIZ_Georgian_Diaspora_Study_A4_Book_Print.pdf.
  • Ellis A. i in., Voting from Abroad. The International IDEA Handbook, Mexico 2007, Handbook Series.
  • Fassmann H., Münz R., European East-West Migration, 1945-1992, „International Migration Review” 1994, Vol. 28, nr 3, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2546819.
  • Gamlen A., Diaspora Institutions and Diaspora Governance, „International Migration Review” 2014, Vol. 48, Supplement s1, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/imre.12136.
  • Gamlen A., The Emigration State and the Modern Geopolitical Imagination, „Political Geography” 2008, Vol. 27, nr 8, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2008.10.004.
  • Gamlen A., Why Engage Diasporas?, Oxford 2006, COMPAS Working Paper, nr 63, [online] https://www.compas.ox.ac.uk/publications/working-papers/wp-08-63/.
  • Heleniak T., Diaspora and Development in Post-Communist Eurasia, „Migration Information Source” 2013, 28 VI, [online] http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/diasporas-and-development-post-communist-eurasia/.
  • Ionescu D., Engaging Diasporas as Development Partners for Home and Destination Countries. Challenges for Policymakers, Geneva 2006, IOM’s Migration Research Series, 26.
  • King Ch., Melvin N.J., Diaspora Politics: Ethnic Linkages, Foreign Policy, and Security in Eurasia, „International Security” 1999/2000, Vol. 24, nr 3.
  • Koinova M., Diasporas and International Politics: Utilising the Universalistic Creed of Liberalism for Particularistic and Nationalist Purposes, [w:] Diaspora and Transnationalism. Concepts, Theories and Methods, red. T. Faist, R. Bauböck, Amsterdam 2010, IMISCOE Research.
  • Koslowsky R., International Migration and the Globalization of Domestic Politics: A Conceptual Framework, [w:] International Migration and the Globalization of Domestic Politics, red. tenże, London 2014.
  • Lafleur J.-M., Why Do States Enfranchise Citizens Abroad? Comparative Insights from Mexico, Italy and Belgium, „Global Networks” 2011, Vol. 11, nr 4, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0374.2011.00332.x.
  • Lennon O., Ukrainian Politics Abroad, Council on Foreign Relations, „Foreign Affairs Online” 2015, 17 III, [online] https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/eastern-europe-caucasus/2015-03-17/ukrainian-politics-abroad.
  • Lesińska M., Partycypacja Polaków głosujących za granicą w wyborach krajowych. Analiza wyników wyborów parlamentarnych i prezydenckich w Polsce w latach 1990-2011, Warsaw 2014, CMR Working Papers, nr 79 (137), [online] http://www.migracje.uw.edu.pl/publ/2493/.
  • Lesińska M., Reproducing Socio-political Cleavages. The Case of Electoral Mobilisation of the Polish Diaspora, [w:] Les migrations intra-européennes à l’aube du XXIe siècle, red. C. Benalbaz i in., Paris 2014.
  • Levitt P., Dehesa R. de la, Transnational Migration and the Redefinition of the State Variations and Explanations, „Ethnic and Racial Studies” 2003, Vol. 26, nr 4, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0141987032000087325.
  • Mavroudi E., Diaspora as Process: (De)Constructing Boundaries, „Geography Compass” 2007, Vol. 1, nr 3, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-8198.2007.00033.x.
  • Pérez-Armendáriz C., Crow D., Do Migrants Remit Democracy? International Migration, Political Beliefs, and Behavior in Mexico, „Comparative Political Studies” 2010, Vol. 43, nr 1, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414009331733.
  • Pienkos D., For Your Freedom Through Ours. Polish-American Efforts on Poland’s Behalf, 1863- 1991, Boulder 1991, East European Monographs, 311.
  • Ragazzi F., Governing Diasporas, „International Political Sociology” 2009, Vol. 3, nr 4, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-5687.2009.00082.x.
  • Sancak M., Contested Identity: Encounters with Kazak Diaspora Returning to Kazakstan, „Anthropology of East Europe Review” 2007, Vol. 25, nr 1.
  • Scheffer G., A New Field of Study: Modern Diaspora in International Politics, [w:] Modern Diaspora in International Politics, red. tenże, London 1986.
  • Schnapper D., Davis D.L., From the Nation-state to the Transnational World: On the Meaning and Usefulness of Diaspora as a Concept, „Diaspora” 1999, Vol. 8, nr 3, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dsp.1999.0020.
  • Shain Y., Barth A., Diasporas and International Relations Theory, „International Organization” 2003, Vol. 57, nr 3, [online] http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020818303573015.
  • Smith A.D., Etniczne źródła narodów, przeł. M. Głowacka-Grajper, Kraków 2009, Cultura.
  • Szabaciuk A., Trudne sąsiedztwo. Współczesne relacje polsko-litewskie i perspektywa ich dalszego rozwoju, „Rocznik Instytutu Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej” 2012, Vol. 10, nr 1. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Trends in International Migrant Stock: The 2015 Revision, New York 2015, [online] http://www.un.org/en/development/ desa/population/migration/data/estimates2/estimates15.shtml.
  • Vertovec S., The Political Importance of Diasporas, Oxford 2005, COMPAS Working Papers, nr 13.
  • Waterbury M.A., From Irredentism to Diaspora Politics: States and Transborder Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, 2009, Global Migration and Transntional Politics Working Paper, nr 6, [online] http://www.gmu.edu/centers/globalstudies/publications/gmtpwp/gmtp_wp_6.pdf.
  • Weinar A., Diaspora as an Actor of Migration Policy, Warszawa 2008, CMR Working Papers, nr 37 (95), [online] http://www.migracje.uw.edu.pl/publ/612/.
  • Wierzbicki A., Etniczność i narody w Europie i Azji Centralnej. Perspektywa teoretyczna i egzemplifikacyjna, Warszawa 2014, Etnopolityka, 1.
  • World Bank, Migration and Remittances Factbook, Washington 2016.
  • Zapata-Barrero R. i in., The Political Participation of Immigrants in Host Countries: An Interpretative Framework from Perspective of Origin Countries and Societies, 2013, INTERACT Research Report, nr 7, [online] http://cadmus.eui.eu/handle/1814/29565.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-2f8d419b-7700-4229-a82d-01ce246d68c0
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.