2012 | 16 | 7-38
Article title

Qiryat Ata. New perspectives on a late prehistoric site in the southern Levant

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
Languages of publication
The late prehistoric site of Qiryat Ata in the Zebulon Valley, Israel, is known from a major publication of several seasons of salvage excavations (Golani 2003) as primarily an Early Bronze Age site. This paper presents a reevaluation of data published in that report. It suggests a significantly expanded and altered archaeological profile of the site, especially of its chrono-cultural associations in the Early Bronze Age and a substantially different interpretation of the social organization of the communities represented there. In addition it considers the ancient climate and geomorphology of the site and offers new insights into late prehistoric lifestyles there.
Physical description
  • Akkermans P. M. M. G. and Schwartz G. M. 2003. The Archaeologyof Syria: from Complex Hunter-gatherers to Early Urban Societies(ca. 16,000-300 BC). Cambridge.
  • Amiran R. and Ilan O. 1996. Early Arad 2. Jerusalem.
  • Banning E. B. 2004. Housing Neolithic farmers. NEA 66/1-2, 4-21.
  • Bankirer R. 2003. Chapter 5: the flint assemblage. In A. Golani, 171-182.
  • Bar S., Bar-Oz G., Ben-Yosef D., Raban-Gerstel N. and Winter H.2011. Sheikh Diab 2: An Early Bronze I hamlet in the Jordan Valley.Journal of the Israel Prehistoric Society 41, 95-154.
  • Bar-Mathews M., Ayalon A., Gilmour M., Mathews A. andHawkesworth C. J. 2003. Sea-land oxygen isotopic relationshipsfrom planktonic foraminifera and speleothems in the easternMediterranean Region and their implication for paleorainfall duringinterglacial intervals. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67/17,3181-3199.
  • Ben-Tor A., Bonfil R. and Zuckerman S. 2003. Tel Qashish: A Villagein the Jezreel Valley: Final Report of the Archaeological Excavations(1978-1987). (Qedem Reports 5). Jerusalem.
  • Braun E. 1985. En Shadud: Salvage Excavations at a Farming Communityin the Jezreel Valley, Israel. (BAR-IS 249). Oxford.
  • Braun E. 1989. The problem of the apsidal house: new aspects of EarlyBronze I domestic architecture in Israel, Jordan and Lebanon. PEQ121, 1-43.
  • Braun E. 1996. Salvage excavations at the Early Bronze Site of Me’ona,northern Israel: Final Report. ‘Atiqot 28, 1-29.
  • Braun E. 1997. Salvage and Rescue Excavations at the Late Prehistoric Siteof Yiftah’el in Lower Galilee, Israel. (Israel Antiquities AuthorityReports 2). Jerusalem.
  • BBraun E. 2001. Proto and early dynastic Egypt and Early Bronze I-IIof the southern Levant: uneasy 14C correlations. Radiocarbon 43,1202-1218.r
  • Braun E. 2001. Proto and early dynastic Egypt and Early Bronze I-IIof the southern Levant: uneasy 14C correlations. Radiocarbon 43,1202-1218.
  • Braun E. 2004a. Early Beth Shan: G. M. FitzGerald’s ‘Deep Cut’on the High Tell at Beth Shan. (University of Pensylvania MuseumMonograph 121). Philadelphia.
  • Braun E. 2004b. More evidence for Early Bronze Age glyptics fromthe southern Levant. Levant 36, 13-30.
  • Braun E. 2008a. Deconstructing Y. Garfinkel’s “Beth Shean Ware” and“Middle Chalcolithic”: A Realistic look at two archaeologicalChimeras. Journal of Serbian Archaeology 24, 81-108.
  • Braun E. 2008b. ‘Illin Tahtit, Horvat. In E. Stern et al., 1789-1790.
  • Braun E. 2008c. Palmahim quarry. In E. Stern et al., 1991-1993.
  • Braun E. 2011. Of pots and towns: old and new perspectives on EarlyBronze I of the Southern Levant. In M. Chesson (ed.), Daily Life,Materiality, and Complexity in Early Urban Communitiesof the Southern Levant: Papers in Honor of Walter E. Rast andR. Thomas Schaub, 265-280. Winona Lake IN.
  • Braun E. 2012. On some South Levantine Early Bronze Age ceramic“wares” and styles. PEQ 144/1, 5-32.
  • Braun E., forthcoming a. Chapter on the pottery of Early Bronze I.In S. Gitin (ed.), The Pottery of Ancient Israel and its Neighbors.Jerusalem.
  • Braun E., forthcoming b. Early Megiddo on the East Slope(The “Megiddo Stages”): A Report on the Early Occupation of the EastSlope of Megiddo-Results of the Oriental Institute’s Excavations, 1925--1933. Chicago.
  • Braun E., in preparation. Ashqelon and the Late Chalcolithic to EarlyBronze I Transition in the Southern Levant.
  • Braun E. and Gophna R. 2004. Excavations at Ashqelon, Afridar–Area G. ‘Atiqot 45, 185-242.
  • Byrd B. F. 1994. Public and private, domestic and corporate:The emergence of the southwest Asian village. AmerAnt 59/4, 639-666.
  • Dunand M. 1973. Fouilles de Byblos 5: texte et planches. Paris.
  • Eisenberg E. and Greenberg R. 2006. Chapter 8: Area EY: the Eisenberg-Yogev excavations, 1981-1982, 1985-1986. In R. Greenberg et al.,339-468.
  • Fantalkin A. 2000. A salvage excavation at the Early Bronze Agesettlement at Ha-Shophtim Street, Qiryat ‘Ata. Tel Aviv 27, 28-56.
  • Faust A. and Golani A. 2008. A Community in transition: The EarlyBronze Age site of Qiryat Ata as a Test Case. Tel Aviv 35/2, 215-243.
  • Finkelstein I., Ussishkin D. and Halpern B. (eds) 2000. Megiddo 3:The 1992-1996 Seasons. (Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv UniversityMonograph Series 18). Tel Aviv
  • Finkelstein I., Ussishkin D. and Halpern B. 2006. Chapter 43:Archaeological and historical conclusions. In Y. Finkelstein,D. Ussishkin and B. Halpern (eds), Megiddo 4: The 1998-2000Seasons, 843-859. (Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv UniversityMonograph Series 24). Tel Aviv.
  • Fischer P. M. 2008. Tell Abu Al-Kharaz in the Jordan Valley 1. The EarlyBronze Age. (Österreischische Akademie der WissenschaftenDenkschriften der Gesamtakademie 48). Vienna.
  • Gal Z., Smithline H. and Shalem D. 1999. New iconographic aspectsof Chalcolithic art: preliminary observations on finds from the Peqi’inCave. ‘Atiqot 37, 1-16.
  • Garfinkel Y. 1999. Neolithic and Chalcolithic Pottery of the SouthernLevant. (Qedem 39). Jerusalem.
  • Getzov N. 2007. Hittin. In Hadashot Arkheologiyot 119. Retrieved from (status as of 3 February 2013)
  • Golani A. 1996. Qiryat Ata. Excavations and Surveys in Israel 15, 31-33.
  • Golani A. 1999. New perspectives on domestic architecture and the initialstages of urbanization in Canaan. Levant 31, 123-133.
  • Golani A. 2003. Salvage excavations at the Early Bronze Age Siteof Qiryat Ata. (Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 18). Jerusalem.
  • Golani A. 2004. Salvage Excavations at the Early Bronze Age siteof Ashqelon, Afridar–Area E. ‘Atiqot 45, 9-62.
  • Golani A. and Braun E. 1991. Qiryat Ata. Excavations and Surveysin Israel 13, 30-31.
  • Golani A. and Braun E. n. d. Qiryat Ata Area A, license 1726 excavationfile. Unpublished: Israel Antiquities Authority Archives. Jerusalem.
  • Golani A. and Nagar Y. 2011. Newly discovered burialsof the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age I in Southern Canaan: evidenceof cultural continuity? In J. L. Lovell and Y. M. Rowan (eds), Culture,Chronology and the Chalcolithic: Theory and Transition, 84-96 (Councilfor British Research in the Levant Supplementary Monograph Series9). Oxford, Oakville.
  • Gopher A. 1996. Chapter 3: The Neolithic assemblages. In T. Tsuk andA. Gopher, The Nahal Qanah Cave: Earliest Gold in the SouthernLevant. (Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv University MonographSeries 12). Tel Aviv.
  • Greenberg R. 2002. Early Urbanizations in the Levant: a RegionalNarrative. London.
  • Greenberg R. and Eisenberg E. 2006. Chapter 5: Area BS: The Bar-Adonexcavations, southeast, 1951-1953. In R. Greenberg et al., 117-234.
  • Greenberg R., Eisenberg E., Paz S. and Paz Y. 2006. Bet Yerah.The Early Bronze Age Mound: Volume 1, Excavation Reports, 1933--1986. (Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 30). Jerusalem.
  • Greenberg R. and Porat N. 1996. A third millennium pottery productioncenter: typology, petrography, and provenance of the Metallic Wareof northern Israel and adjacent regions. BASOR 301, 5-24.
  • Horwitz L. K. 2003. Chapter 8: Early Bronze Age animal exploitationat Qiryat Ata. In A. Golani, 225-247.
  • Kafafi Z. A. 2001. Jebel Abu Thawwab (ER-Rumman), Central Jordan:The Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age I Occupations. (BibliothecaNeolithica Asiae Meridionalis et Occidentalis; Yarmouk UniversityMonograh of the Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology 3). Berlin.
  • Khalaily H. 2003. Neolithic pottery. In A. Golani, 220-221.
  • Khalaily H. 2004. An Early Bronze Age site at Ashqelon, Afridar–Area F.‘Atiqot 45, 121-160.
  • Kislev M. E. 1998. Chapter 12: the relative impact of pig husbandry versusgoat browsing on ancient oak forests in Israel. In G. Edlestein,I. Milevski and S. Aurant, The Rephaim Valley Project: Villages,Terraces and Stone Mounds – Excavations at Manahat, Jerusalem,1987-1989, 113-118. (Israel Antiquities Authority Reports 3).Jerusalem.
  • Liphschitz N. 2007. Timber in Ancient Israel. Dendroarchaeologyand Dendrochronology. (Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv UniversityMonograph Series 26). Tel Aviv.
  • Mazar A. 2012 (ed.). Excavations at Tel Beth-Shean 1989-1996. Vol. 4:the 4th and 3rd Millennia BCE. Jerusalem.
  • Nigro L. 2010. Tell es-Sultan/Jericho in the Early Bronze II (3000-2700BC): the Rise of an Early Palestinian city. A Synthesis of the Resultsof Four Archaeological Expeditions. Rome.
  • Oliphant L. 1976. Haifa or Life in the Holy Land 1882-1885:New Edition. Jerusalem.
  • Paz Y., Shoval S. and Zlatkin O. 2009. Canaanite EB IB “Proto-metallicWare”: The earliest production of ceramic “Metallic Ware” in the landof Israel. Leiden Journal of Pottery Studies 25, 163-188.
  • Rapoport A. 1968. House Form and Culture. Englewood Cliffs NJ.
  • Rosen A. 2006. Chapter 21: climate change, landscape and shiftingagricultural potential. In Y. Finkelstein et al., 463-473.
  • Rowan Y. 2003. Chapter 6: the groundstone assemblage. In A. Golani,183-202.
  • Schirmer W. 1990. Some aspects of building at the ‘Aceramic-Neolithic’settlement of Çayönü Tepesi. WorldArch 21/3, 363-386.
  • Shalem D. 2006. Be’er Zonam. In Hadashot Arkheyologiot 118. Retrievedfrom (status as of 3 February 2013)
  • Stager L. E. 1992. The periodization of Palestine from Neolithic throughEarly Bronze times. In R. W. Ehrich (ed.), Chronologies in Old WorldArchaeology, 22-41. Chicago. (3rd ed.).
  • Stern E. et al. (eds) 2008. The New Encyclopedia of ArchaeologicalExcavations in the Holy Land 5. Jerusalem.
  • Wright G. E. 1958. The problem of the transition between the Chalcolithicand Bronze Ages. Eretz-Israel 5, 37*-45*.
  • Yannai E. 2006. ‘En Esur (‘Ein Asawir) 1. Excavations at a ProtohistoricSite in the Coastal Plain of Israel. (Israel Antiquities AuthorityReports 31). Jerusalem.
  • Yannai E., Lazar-Shorer D. and Grosinger Z. 2006. Chapter 4.The pottery assemblages. In E. Yannai, 63-178.
  • Zuckerman S. 2003. The Early Bronze Age I architecture; the EarlyBronze Age I pottery; Tel Qashish in the Early Bronze Age I; the EarlyBronze Age II -III architecture. In A. Ben-Tor et al., 31-34, 35-49,50-56, 57-60, 125-128, respectively.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.