2014 | 13 | 11-19
Article title

Princezná a jej príbuzní? Keramické nálezy z vybraných pohrebných kontextov princeznej Šeretnebtej

Title variants
The princess and her relatives? Ceramic finds from chosen burial contexts of princess’s Sheretnebty tomb complex
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In the autumn season of 2013, the shafts of some of the rock-cut tombs situated south and south-east of the pillared court of princess Sheretnebty were excavated. This article concentrates on the ceramic finds from the shafts and burial chambers of only the main ones, namely two shafts in the tomb of Duaptah (AS 68a) and two southern shafts in the presumed tomb of princess Sheretnebty (AS 68c). The shaft in the tomb of Shepespuptah (AS 68b) was found unfinished and never held either deposits or burials. The ceramic finds from the tomb of Duapthah were interesting, as the burial chambers contained some remains of the original tomb goods. In the case of the northern shaft, a small fragmented jar made of Marl clay A3 was inscribed with the name Nefermin, thus identifying the owner of the northern shaft. The finds from both burial chambers were rather scant and contained only a couple of vessels each, usually representing drink (jars) and food (bowls or plates) for the deceased. The shaft and burial chamber of the husband of princess Sheretnebty in tomb AS 68c contained the largest amount of ceramics. In the fill of the shaft, several strata were uncovered, with the topmost layer containing pottery dating to the Sixth Dynasty, more specifically to the period of Pepy I, such as very large tubular beer jars covered with a pale red slip. The floor level of the burial chamber was covered with numerous fragments of ceramic vessels, most of which could be reconstructed to full or almost full shape. Altogether, there were three large ovoid jars made of Marl clay A3, one smaller jar made of Nile silt and seven bowls and plates made od Nile silt A or B1. All of these were part of the original goods designed for the Afterlife of the deceased and were most probably broken on purpose as part of the sD dSrwt ritual. The ceramic finds from the shafts and burial chambers of the complex are very interesting, as they allow us to analyse not only the vessels and their typology, but also other issues such as post-depositional processes occurring in the tomb after the burial. On the basis of the finds, we can estimate that the cultic activity in the tomb of princess Sheretnebty lasted at least until the first half of the Sixth Dynasty. The latest pottery from all these tombs dates to the period of Pepy II and comes from the fill of the
  • Český egyptologický ústav FF UK, Celetná 20, 110 00 Praha 1, Czech Republic
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