Charakterystyka przestępczości wśród cudzoziemców pochodzenia wietnamskiego w Polsce w świetle statystyki policyjnej, sądowej i penitencjarnej po 1989 roku
Characteristics of Crime Among Foreigners of Vietnamese Origin in Poland in View of Police, Penitentiary, and Judicial Statistics after 1989
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In the paper, the author outlines the subject of crime among foreigners of Vietnamese origin in Poland. The Vietnamese residing in Poland were characterised as an introduction. Subsequent waves of immigration, their causes, problems of integration with the society, feeling of dissimilarity, and general features of this minority were analysed. Basic statistical data regarding the size of this group, regulations regarding the legality of their stay, and other important information were presented. Work performed in Poland, carrying out business activities, and everyday life were taken into account. In the second part of the paper, crime among the citizens of Vietnamese origin was analysed. The analysis was based mostly on figures extracted from police, penitentiary, and judicial statistics. Data on the number of persons of Vietnamese nationality in prisons and detention centres, the amount of crime related to irregular crossing of an external border, and other data characterising criminal behaviours of this group were presented. Moreover, examples of illegal activities including areas particularly at risk were given. The author emphasised that the Vietnamese are suspected of illegal crossing of external borders, smuggling, drug offences, and unlawful acts related to the widely understood commerce. A statistic regarding the Vietnamese convicted by a final court judgement in 2014 in view of the full extent of crime was demonstrated. In this case, penalties and penal measures ordered by the Polish judicial system and the categorisation of offences compliant with the legislation in effect. To conclude, the crime dynamics in Poland in 2003–2005 was presented.
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