Studnia z późnej epoki brązu ze Szczodrzykowa koło Kórnika
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A late Bronze Age well from Szczodrzykowo near Kórnik
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In 2004 rescue excavations were carried out at a widespread multicultural archaeological site in Szczodrzykowo (site 4), Poznań District. In a lined excavation unit (preceding the construction of the local gas pipeline) within 1260 m² of the excavated area 60 features of various chronology were unearthed, including 16 representing the Lusatian culture. The excavations yielded also about 400 potsherds, fragments of daub and animal bones attributed to the Lusatian culture. The ‘Lusatian’ features included mainly pits and postholes, a furnace (its function has not been determined), three probable dwelling structures and a circular timber lined well. The latter had a diameter of 2.10 x 1.95m at the top, while its depth was up to 1.70m from the top. At the depth of about 0.80 to 1.70 m the well had a circular timber construction consisting of three separate parts, built of a burned alder-tree trunk. Its diameter there varied from about 60 cm to about 70 cm. The thickness of the timber elements also varied from 2 to 5cm and they had traces of intentional burning. Moreover, the construction was supported from the outside by several timber pegs (of an alder-tree, birch and oak). The fill of the well yielded 73 potsherds, 15 fragments of animal bones and 4 pieces of daub; timber samples were also collected from the well. Although the potsherd did not bear distinctive features that would allow the determination of their chronology, the motifs used in ornamentation, i.e. horizontal knobs/moulding (Figure 5:12) or the nail imprints (figs. 5:1, 11), together with the set of vessel forms, namely vases (figs. 5:7, 12), large pot vessels (figs. 5:4-5), plates (Figure 5:11) and bowls (figs. 4:4; 5:2, 8) are characteristic for the pottery used within the area occupied by the Lusatian communities, including Wielkopolska, between the Late Bronze Age and the HaC – HaD period.
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