2015 | 77 | 2 Prawo autorskie – aktualne problemy i perspektywy rozwoju/ Copyright – current issues and prospects for development | 193-207
Article title

Prawo własności intelektualnej w modzie. Historyczny rozwój prawnej ochrony producentów mody

Title variants
Intellectual property law in fashion industry: development of the legal protection of fashion manufacturers
Languages of publication
Since the beginning of modern fashion industry, fashion producers have been victims of unauthorized copying and unfair competition. However, with the rise of a fast fashion segment and the development of digital technology, the Internet and social media, this process is even more dynamic and fashion piracy is now a multi-billion dollar industry. The complexity of the problem, the specifics of the apparel industry as well as an ambivalent attitude of fashion manufacturers to copyright are reflected in frequent discussions among fashion professionals, lawyers, journalists and academics concerned about fashion piracy. However, while on the one hand fashion industry is getting closer to become subject to protection by vesting rights in designers and fashion designs, there are also voices suggesting positive effects of piracy in the apparel industry, which question the legitimacy of copyright law in fashion. The purpose of this article is to show the past process of building complex relationships between fashion and the law in modern societies and to discuss different perceptions of intellectual property in the industry.
  • Barnett, J.M. (2005), Shopping for Gucci on Canal Street: Reflections on Status Consumption, Intellectual Property, and The Incentive Thesis, Virginia Law Review 91(6): s. 1381-1423.
  • Berry, C. (1994), The Idea of Luxury. A Conceptual and Historical Investigation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Bollier, D., Racine, L. (2005), Ready to Share: Creativity in Fashion & Design Culture, [dostęp 15.12.2014].
  • Busch, O. von (2008), Fashion-able. Hacktivism and Engaged Fashion Design, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg.
  • Cox, Ch., Jenkins, J. (2005), Between the Seams, A Fertile Commons: An Overview of the Relationship Between Fashion and Intellectual Property, [dostęp 15.01.2015]
  • Dior Ch., (1957), Christian Dior and I, E.P. Dutton & Company, New York.
  • Evans, C. (2013), The Mechanical Smile. Modernism and the First Fashion Shows in France and America, 1900-1929, Yale Univ. Press, New Heaven-London.
  • Le Fèvre G., (1929), Au secours de la couture (industrie française), Paris.
  • Foucault, M. (1984), What Is an Author?, w: P. Rabinow (red.), The Foucault Reader, Penguin, London: 101-120.
  • Garnier G., (1987) Paris-Couture-Annés trente, Musée de la Mode & du Costume, Paris.
  • Gliściński, K., Narodziny Autora, [dostęp 17.03.2015]
  • Global Fashion Industry Statistics: Global Apparel Market, [dostęp 30.12.2014].
  • Green, N.L. (1994) Art and Industry: Language of Modernization in the Production of Fashion, French Historical Studies 18(3), s. 722-748.
  • Green, N.L. (1997), Ready-to-Wear and Ready-to-Work: A Century of Industry and Immigrants in Paris and New York, New York-Durham.
  • Hawes, E. (1938), Fashion is Spinach, Random House, New York.
  • Hemphil, S.C, Suk, J. (2009), The Law, Culture, And Economics Of Fashion, Stanford Law Review 61(5): 1147-1199.
  • Jaszi, P., Woodmansee, M. (1996), Ethical Reaches of Authorship, The South Atlantic Quarterly 95(4): 947-977.
  • Kępiński, J. (2010), Wzór przemysłowy i jego ochrona w prawie polskim i wspólnotowym, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa.
  • Kirke, B. (1998), Madeleine Vionnet, Chronical Books, San Francisco.
  • Lipovetsky, G. (1994), The Empire of Fashion: Dressing Modern Democracy, Princeton University Press, Princeton.
  • Marcketti, S.B., Parsons, J.L. (2006), Design Piracy and Self-Regulation: The Fashion Originators' Guild of America, 1932-1941, Clothing and Textiles Research Journal 24(3): 214-228.
  • Marshall, L. (2001), Losing One’s Mind: Bootlegging and the Sociology of Copyright, (Ph.D. dissertation), University of Warwick, Coventry.
  • Nowak-Gruca, A. (2013), Cywilnoprawna ochrona praw majątkowych w świetle ekonomicznej analizy prawa, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa.
  • Pfister, L. (2010), Author and Work in the French Print Privileges System: Some Milestones, w: Deazley R., Kretschmer M., Bently L. (eds.) Privilege and Property. Essays on the History of Copyright, Open Book Publishers, Cambridge: 115-136.
  • Pouillard V. (2008), In the Shadow of Paris? French Haute Couture and Belgian Fashion Between the Wars, w: R.L. Blaszczyk (ed.), Producing Fashion Commerce, Culture, and Consumers, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia: 62-81.
  • Poźniak-Niedzielska, M. (2007), Ochrona wzorów przemysłowych w prawie europejskim, Europejski Przegląd Sądowy 1: 4-11.
  • Promińska, U. (2004), Prawo własności przemysłowej, Warszawa.
  • Raciniewska, A. (2013), Luksus w czasie kryzysu, Kultura Współczesna 4(79): 29-41.
  • Raustiala, K., Sprigman, Ch. (2006), The Piracy Paradox: Innovation and Intellectual Property in Fashion Design, Virginia Annual Law Review 92(8), s. 1687-1777.
  • Rose, M. (1994), Authors and Owners. The Invention of Copyright, Harvard University Press, London.
  • Scafidi, S. (2006), A Bill to Provide Protection for Fashion Design. Hearing on H.R. 5055 before the Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property of The Committee on the Judiciary House of Representatives, 109th Congress, 2006, s. 77- 84, [dostęp 12.12.2014.]
  • Scafidi, S. (2006), Intellectual Property and Fashion Design, w: Yu, P.K. (ed.), Intellectual Property and Information Wealth: Issues and Practices in the Digital Age, t. 1, Praeger Publishers, Westport: 115-131.
  • Stewart, M.L. (2005), Copying and Copyrighting Haute Couture: Democratizing Fashion, 1900-1930s, French Historical Studies 28(1): 103-130.
  • Troy, N. (2002), Couture Culture: A Study in Modern Art and Fashion, The MIT Press, Cambridge 2002.
  • Weikart, M.A. (1944), Design Piracy, Indiana Law Journal 19(3): 235-257.
  • Woodmansee, M. (1994), The Author, Art and the Market: Rereading the History of Aesthetics, Columbia University Press, New York.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.