ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ОРГАНІЗАЦІЇ НАВЧАЛЬНО-ВИХОВНОГО ПРОЦЕСУ В КАДЕТСЬКИХ КОРПУСАХ РОСІЙСЬКОЇ ІМПЕРІЇ В ХІХ – НА ПОЧАТКУ ХХ СТОЛІТТЯ
Features of the organization of the educational process in the cadet corps Empire in the XIX – early XX century
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This article investigates issues related to the organization of the educational process in the cadet corps of the Russian Empire in the Ukrainian provinces in the nineteenth – early twentieth century. The basic stages of formation and development of training and education of cadets are training items and requirements put forward their teaching. The process of training and education of cadets underwent changes at each stage of the historical development of the cadet corps. Thus, at the initial stage of formation and development of cadet education for a long time there was no single system of rules and requirements for training in the cadet corps, each corps installed and used its norms of the educational process. Thus, pursuing the same goal – creating many professional officers and reserved once, cadet corps achieved this goal in different ways, often disagreeing with each other. The curriculum for cadet corps was first established on the grounds of experience of the cadet corps of Denmark and Prussia, and along with special military items included natural sciences and humanities. Since Peter’s Table of Ranks in tsarist Russia was no hardline between military and civilian agencies, the transition from military service to civilian service or even increasing rank was not anything special. Accordingly, the system of education and training in the cadet corps was created on the basis of these features, and the number of subjects taught in them was great. Examples of training programs are given and modifications that took place in the mover the years and changes in the state leadership and the Department of military schools are revealed. In conclusion it is noted that scientific progress has left its imprint on the activities of the cadet corps, in accordance with the requirements of the time curricula, education programs were created, changed and improved, higher requirements for skills, combat skills and physical training of the younger generation were put forward. The experience of cadet corps proved that the goal set by their creation was achieved and initial military training and education gave not only officers, but also experienced public servants who with honor and dignity fulfilled their duty of unquestioning service to the Motherland.
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