Działania rewaloryzacyjne dotyczące miejskiego zespołu zabytkowego Bolonii
RESTORATION WORKS ON THE TOWN HISTORIC COMPLEX OF BOLOGNA
Languages of publication
For a number of years the problem o f restoring the value o f the existing building substance has been occupying a very important place in spatial planning o f Emilia-Romania region. A physical expansion o f Bologne was not accompanied by a trend to increase the population settled there, or to improve urban standards. In this context, it wa9 found necessary to try to solve problems involved in search for improved quality o f urban life within the boundaries o f the town itself. A process o f restoring available building resources is carried out under the supervision o f town administrative authorities by means o f different executive methods depending on characteristics o f the environment and structure o f three territorial layers that can be distinguished in the existing town tissue: — preindustrial towns (town historic complex), — the area built between the 19th and mid-20th cent., — the area built in the latest thirty years, solely on the initiative o f private persons with some support from the state. The basis for restoration works in the town historic complex of Bologna was provided by a regulating plan approved by the Municipal Council o f Bologna in 1969. In the year o f 1973 the Council approved the plan o f economical social building for the town historic complex (the so-called PEEP — Centro Storico), conceived as an element integrating building plans for outer town districts, currently under way. Synthetically, individual working stages o f the PEEP — Centro Storico plan can be defined as given below : — establishing o f work sections, i.e. minimum urban units, — initial distribution o f temporary (parcheggio) or rotary (di rotazione) flats within the historic complex, — restoration o f public-owned or newly-bought buildings, — social control over building resources, privately-owned on the basis o f agreement, and in exceptional cases, even through expropriation. By January 1977 the execution o f the PEEP — Centro Storico was as follows: — from autumn 1973, i.e. over a period o f 1.000 days, 220 flats for 800 people were put to use or were at a final stage. It was also envisaged to make instructions for further 200 flats, provided that necessary financial means were available. These data showed that a motor which was to bring the plan to life was put into operation and that it started functioning on a full scale There appwared, however, some difficulties which brought about a twoyear-delay in the adopted program o f work in comparison with initial targets. Along with the execution o f targets aimed at modernizing the flats, works are also carried out to improve services for the population. Already a regulating plan o f 1969 selected from the Bologna municipal complex some architectonic space (contenitori) for restoring and its use for some sort o f social activities. In January 1977, works were completed on 3.000 square metres o f „contenitori” appropriated for social and cultural activities. Restoration works undertaken in the historic centre o f the town allow for a rebirth o f a housing function in this region, and an improvement in social and economic structure within the old-town complex; in the same way they should contribute to more uniform development o f the whole town and region.
Publication order reference