Poziom sprawności fizycznej mężczyzn rozpoczynających studia w Zachodniopomorskim Uniwersytecie Technologicznym jako efekt szkolnego wychowania fizycznego
The level of physical fitness of freshmen entering university as a result of the implementation of school physical education
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Background. One of the main purposes of general education and physical education is to improve the student’s physical performance. This is done by increasing the number of motor skills and improving them, which determine the organism’s state of readiness for effective performance of various types of motor tasks. Physical fitness viewed as a combination of health-related components (testing strength, speed, aerobic capacity and muscle strength) and motor performance (testing coordination and power) provides students with a better motivation to care for their own body and health. The level of physical fitness of freshmen entering university sums up, in a way, the effectiveness of school physical education. Adolescents are developing motor skills reaching the level which determines a better or worse performance of a given physical task (e.g. Cooper test). Health and full fitness are not only essential factors of human happiness, but also a fundamental social value. These values are not given to people once and for all and their distribution is not fair, so one needs to take care of them and shape them so that they could maintain in good shape as long as possible. Material and methods. The aim of this study was to present the level of physical fitness of female and male students (total number 2098) who entered the West Pomeranian University of Szczecin in the years 2005–2011. The Cooper test was used. Results. Each year the average of the most numerous group was always below the average for the given year. Conclusions. A gradual decrease in the freshmen’ physical fitness was observed, which results from inadequate work done in secondary schools.
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