Retoryczne środki językowe jako wskaźniki postaw poznawczych badaczy przeszłości
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RHETORICAL DEVICES AS A GAUGE OF RESEARCH APPROACHES AMONG RESEARCHERS OF THE PAST
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The paper discusses linguistic means of rhetoric as a gauge of the way researchers of the past think. Analyzing the language of texts included in an interdisciplinary study Archaeology – Anthropology – History. Parallel Tracks and Divergences (2006), the authors observe how rhetoric devices reflect differences in the approach of different scholars to archaeology as a field of studies, scientific research in general and to others who ‘think’ or at least express themselves differently. The authors suggest that the language of polemics between so called “objectivists” and “constructivists” falls into the stereotypical pattern of ‘us versus them’. These conclusions lead to further questions about the relationship between the character of the employed rhetoric devices and the authors’ polemic tendencies, the extent to which the language of social sciences is a matter of individual personal traits of the researchers or certain paradigms researchers subscribe to, as well as the issue of how and if at all rhetoric could facilitate rapport between supporters of various interpretative schools.
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