СТАНОВЛЕННЯ ХУДОЖНЬОЇ-ПРОМИСЛОВОЇ ОСВІТИ ГАЛИЧИНИ (КІНЕЦЬ ХІХ – ПЕРША ПОЛОВИНА ХХ СТОЛІТТЯ)
Formation of Art and Industry Education in Galicia (late nineteenth – early twentieth century)
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The article highlights the features of formation of Art and Industry Education in Galicia in chronological limits of the late nineteenth – early twentieth century. The author determined basic directions of professional training for artistic and industrial areas, such as: wood processing, decoration of wooden products, weaving, carpet weaving and ceramics. The results of the study revealed cross-cultural relationships that were embodied in the development of the folk arts, on the other hand, multiplying its best examples of European fine arts. The article raised speculation that the development of art education of Galicia influenced the European art traditions. Folk Art of the land enriched with sources of classical European art and also influenced its development. To understand the mutual influences of cultures for the development of art education of Galicia it is important to assess the contribution of members of the European Union (that was the part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) in training for artistic and industrial schools and promotion of Galician art in Europe. The development of industry and technology has led to demands in the labor market for skilled workers of artistic and industrial areas. The territorial boundaries of Galicia, favorable geographical location, age tradition of folk culture are crucial regarding growth of the art schools. It should be noted that this region was famous of folk artists crafts, artisans. Professional family traditions passed down from generation to generation. These factors are used in network planning of art schools, so they were thepioneers of activities in the centers of traditional culture. It was found out the influence of European public opinion on the development of craft and art schools. Society, uniting people for cultural, professional orientation promoted the art education, promotion of folk art as in Galicia and abroad. The trends of folk art in Galicia and its entry into the European art space are revealed. The conditions that determined the progress of art and industrial education of Galician region: socio-economic (rapid development of industry, technology, intercultural communication); labor market needs in trained specialists in the art and the industrial sector; availability of teaching staff with artistic and industrial education are overviewed.
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