PL EN


2015 | 7(943) | 79-93
Article title

Domestic and External Demand Shocks in Ukraine

Title variants
PL
Wewnętrzne i zewnętrzne wstrząsy popytowe w gospodarce ukraińskiej
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Persistent budget deficits and extremely high interest rates (while inflation remains relatively low) have been a distinct feature of the 2010–2013 period in Ukraine. By using a statistical technique of the vector autoregressive − vector error correction (VAR/VEC) model, it is established that: a) the budget deficit is a factor behind the exchange rate depreciation and an increase in the interest rate, with a very strong contractionary effect on output; b) a higher interest rate contributes to worsening of the budget balance and a significant decrease in output (both are standard macroeconomic relationships); c) nominal exchange rate depreciation permanently widens the budget deficit, combined with a temporary increase in the interest rate and short-lived output contraction. It is worth noting that upward interest rate pressure is the only statistically significant effect of a positive output shock. According to the variance decomposition, the budget balance determines up to 50% and the interest rate upwards of 40% of changes in the output, respectively. It is confirmed that an increase in output is of marginal importance for the budget balance. On the whole, our findings argue in favour of fiscal discipline in Ukraine as a stabilisation policy tool.
PL
Utrzymujący się deficyt budżetowy oraz ekstremalnie wysokie stopy procentowe jako skutek bardzo niskiej inflacji stanowią wyraźną cechę gospodarki ukraińskiej w latach 2010–2013. Wykorzystując metodę autoregresji wektorowej z korektą błędu (VAR/VEC), ustalono, że: a) deficyt budżetowy jest czynnikiem deprecjacji kursu walutowego oraz wzrostu poziomu stopy procentowej, a także mocnego negatywnego oddziaływania na wzrost gospodarczy; b) wzrost stopy procentowej powoduje pogorszenie się bilansu budżetowego oraz znaczący spadek produkcji (oba rezultaty to standardowe makroekonomiczne relacje); c) deprecjacja kursu walutowego powoduje permanentne pogorszenie się bilansu budżetowego oraz przejściowy wzrost stopy procentowej i obniżenie poziomu dochodu. Warto zwrócić uwagę, że presja w kierunku wzrostu stopy procentowej okazała się jedynym statystycznie istotnym skutkiem wzrostu dochodu (PKB). Według wariancji reszt bilans budżetowy wyznacza do 50%, a stopa procentowa do 40% zmian dochodu. Potwierdzono, że wzrost dochodu nie ma wpływu na bilans budżetowy. Ogólnie mówiąc, otrzymane wyniki świadczą na korzyść dyscypliny fiskalnej w gospodarce ukraińskiej jako narzędzia polityki stabilizacyjnej.
Contributors
author
  • Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, Universytetska 1, 79000 Lviv, Ukraine
author
  • Lviv Academy of Commerce, Tugan-Baranovskogo 10, 79005 Lviv, Ukraine
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Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-32e5a023-47f7-453b-be3f-5a9c935fecac
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