Tematizace avantgardy v pozdním díle Karla Teiga
Thematization of the Avant-Garde in the Late Karel Teige’s Works
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The study focuses on the late period of Karel Teige’s theoretical development. In the introduction, which is based on Effenberger’s chronological model, is discussed issue of the chronology of Teige’s works. In the first part, the author focuses on the theoretical aspects of the concept of “internal model”. This concept forms the conceptual base of Teige’s theory of the avant-garde art, especially Cubism and Surrealism. Genealogy of the concept goes from Breton to Mannerists Federico Zuccari (c. 1540/1541–1609), who distinguished disegno interno (the neoplatonic “idea”) and disegno esterno (its “practical implementation”). “The internal model” defines–ontologically and epistemologically–the avant-garde as non-mimetic and radically experimental art. In the second part, the author analyzes Teige’s essays “Entartete Kunst” (1945), “The fate of the artistic avant-garde in both World Wars” (Osud umělecké avantgardy v obou světových válkách, 1946) and “International Surrealism” (Mezinárodní surrealismus, 1947) as a second way of thematization of the avant-garde. Even in the years after World War II Teige not abandon the militant rhetoric of avant-garde manifestos or model of organic development of art. In the third part, the author deals with the unfinished project Phenomenology of Art (Fenomenologie umění, 1951), i.e. the part of Teige’s work, which Effenberger called “historiologic”. Teige was an original Marxist thinker, who interprets aesthetic and artistic issues in the historical context of socioeconomic changes. The author suggests comparison Teige’s Phenomenology of Art Walter Benjamin and The Arcades-Projekt (Das Passagen-Werk, 1940).
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