2014 | 1-2 | 26-42
Article title

Homoerotyzm i homoseksualizm w "Naszyjniku gołębicy" Ibn Hazma

Title variants
Homoeroticism and Homosexuality in Ibn Hazm’s "The Ring of the Dove”
Languages of publication
The aim of this article is to retrace the male homoerotic and homosexual strands in Ibn Hazm’s "The Ring of the Dove" – with contextual analysis which refers to the juridical-religious debates and controversies about a phenomenon of love between men. At first, the author and a general profile of his work are presented. Then, a number of comments concerning difficulties with research on non-heteronormativity will be made with reference to the knowledge of scholars working with ancient Greek and Christian sources. Such perspective allows to evade a necessity of total agreement neither with essentialists nor with culturalists. The following part of the article discusses various attitudes of Islamic classical schools towards homoeroticism and homosexuality. Elucidation of original terms used in this context is followed with an analysis of fragments from "The Ring of the Dove". This analysis leads to a conclusion that ‘homoeroticism’ and ‘homosexuality’ as deliberately conventional notions have a potential to depict polarity within Arab culture of the classical period regarding love between men: by means of unwritten rules and thanks to the clearly outlined public sphere a great spectrum of possibilities between condemnation and acquiescence was institutionalized. In this way, the article demonstrates that all designations referring to eroticism are inadequate and casual.
Physical description
  • Boswell John, Chrześcijaństwo, tolerancja społeczna i homoseksualność. Geje i lesbijki w Europie Zachodniej od początku ery chrześcijańskiej do XIV wieku, przeł. Jerzy Krzyszpień, Zakład Wydawniczy Nomos, Kraków 2006.
  • Brzask Arkadiusz, Homoseksualizm u mężczyzn. Aspekty psychologiczne, psychiatryczne i ewolucyjne, Wydawnictwo Continuo, Wrocław 2008.
  • Coope Jessica A., With Heart, Tongue, and Limbs: Ibn Hazm on the Essence of Faith, „Medieval Encounters” 2000, t. 6, nr 1, s. 101–113.
  • Dover Kenneth James, Greek Homosexuality, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1989.
  • Ibn Hazm, Naszyjnik gołębicy. O miłości i kochankach, oprac. Janusz Danecki, przeł. Janusz Danecki, Aleksandra Witkowska, Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, Warszawa 1976.
  • Mezziane Mohammed, Sodomie et masculinité chez les juristes musulmans du IXe au XIe siècle, „Arabica” 2008, t. 55, nr 2, s. 276–306.
  • Murray Stephen O., Roscoe Will (red.), Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History and Literature, New York University Press, New York 1997.
  • Peirce Leslie, Writing Histories of Sexuality in the Middle East, „The American Historical Review” 2009, t. 114, nr 5, s. 1325–1339.
  • Roudinesco Élisabeth, Nasza mroczna strona. Z dziejów perwersji, przeł. Bogdan Baran, Spółdzielnia Wydawnicza „Czytelnik”, Warszawa 2009.
  • Schmidtke Sabine, Homoeroticism and Homosexuality in Islam: A Review Article, „Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies” 1999, t. 62, nr 2, s. 260–266.
  • Wright Jerry W., Rowson Everett K. (red.), Homoeroticism in Classical Arabic Literature, Columbia University Press, New York 1997.
  • Ebrahim Amreen Mohamed Jamal, The Story of Lot and the Qur’an’s Perception of the Morality of Same-Sex Sexuality,
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.