Wizerunki władczyń moskiewskich XVI i XVII w. w bylinach i folklorze rosyjskim
IMAGES OF RUSSIAN GRAND PRINCESSES AND TSARINAS OF THE SIXTEENTH AND SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES IN RUSSIAN BYLINAS AND FOLKLORE
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The main purpose of this paper is to present images of “shadow” wives of Russian rulers in bylinas (epic poetry) and the other artifacts of the East Slavic folklore. Main heroines of hereby article are: – Solomonia Saburova, which was the ﬁrst wife of Vasilii III, grand prince of Muscovy. When after twenty years of marriage Solomonia remained childless, her husband decided to divorce the grand princess and forcibly conﬁne her in a convent. – Anastasia Romanovna – the daughter of the boyar Roman Zakharin, who gave his name to the later Romanov dynasty. Both oﬃcial and folkloristic sources describe her as “virtuous and courteous” tsarina, despite the fact, that she took no interest in governmental aﬀairs and had relatively little political inﬂuence on her husband. – Maria Temryukovna – the daughter of prince Temrjuk of Kabardia. She became wife of tzar Ivan the Terrible after the death of Anastasia. Artifacts of the Russian folklore (epic poetry) tell, how Romanovna, before death, warned Ivan not to take a pagan wife. – Marina Mniszech – Polish noblewoman, who became wife of False Dmitri I. In East Slavic folklore she is deﬁnitely negative ﬁgure. Bylinas describe her as a heretic and adulteress – “Marinka the witch”.
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