Bydgoski epizod w życiu Stanisława Leszczyńskiego – wokół ucieczki króla do Gdańska we wrześniu 1733 roku
The Bydgoszcz period in the life of Stanisław Leszczyński – about the king’s escape to Gdańsk in September 1733
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The issue of the quick escape of the newly elected king Stanisław Leszczyński from Warsaw to Gdańsk has never been a subject of thorough monographic research. This results from a lack of basic source information. More information referring to the king’s escape and his stay in Bydgoszcz may be found only in handwritten newspapers from the period – hitherto not explored by historians – and the Warsaw printed paper Kuryer Polski. When Stanisław Leszczyński had been elected King of Poland (12 September 1733), it turned out that Russian troops were approaching Warsaw with the intention of dethroning him. The monarch followed the advice of the French ambassador Antoine-Felix de Monti and decided to leave for Gdańsk to await help as promised by the French. Stanisław, along with a small entourage escorted by 60 reiters, left Warsaw in the late afternoon of 22 September 1733 and in the evening of 27 September he arrived in Bydgoszcz. He spent two nights in the house belonging to Zofia Anna Gałecka (the daughter of the governor of Poznań). In the morning of 28 September he participated in a mass in the Jesuit church where he was welcomed by the rector of the Jesuit college Tomasz Lichtański. In the morning of 29 September he left Bydgoszcz and on 2 October 1733 he arrived in Gdańsk. The king and his entourage were quite optimistic and relied on the help of France, Sweden and Turkey. In the meantime, on 5 October, under the cloak of the Russian army, another Polish king was elected – the Saxon elector August III.
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