Dekada nowych wyzwań. Następcy Ośrodka Dokumentacji Zabytków w walce z przestępczością przeciwko zabytkom
The decade of new challenges. Successor of the Centre for Documentation of Monuments in the fighting of crime against monuments
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The transformations of the system in the 1990s resulted in a significant change of the scale and specific nature of the danger of crime against objects of heritage. The consequences of the said process were transformations of central institutions responsible for the protection of monuments and the passing of the Law on the protection and care of monuments, which contained a new definition of the monument and an updated list of crimes and offences against heritage. As regards crime fighting measures, the last decade saw the establishment of the interministerial task force for the fighting of crime against cultural property and the National Team for the Fighting of Crime Against National Heritage in the General Headquarters of the Police. Two unprecedented interministerial agreements regarding the rules of co-operation of uniformed services and the Ministry of Culture in the fighting of crime against monuments were signed, too. The advancing specialisation of state services resulted from the specific nature of the kind of crime concerned. Effective fighting of such crime requires continuous professionalisation and close co-operation with the scientific environment and experts in the protection of monuments. The establishment of specialised units in the Police, the Civil Service and the Border Guard led to the improvement of the effectiveness of their operations in the last few years. Offences against archaeological heritage turned out to be one of the present-day challenges with regard to crime fighting. The National Heritage Board of Poland co-operates actively with the Police and border services to that extent by organising specialist training courses, issuing training materials and opinions, giving professional advice on particular criminal cases and initiating a series of educational projects targeted at a wide group of recipients. Regular co-operation with the Allegro website was also established and the three-year Polish-Norwegian training project “Legal and illegal trade in cultural property” was completed. One of the most topical challenges is the identification of stolen objects of heritage. This is why the National Heritage Board of Poland, a depositary of the national resource of information on heritage, is an institution that can contribute to the solving of many criminal cases, and the international co-operation of NHMP makes it possible to conduct the identification process on a European scale.
- mgr, archeolog, absolwent Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego oraz studiów podyplomowych „Ochrona i zarządzanie dziedzictwem archeologicznym” na Uniwersytecie Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu. Pracuje w Dziale Archeologii Narodowego Instytutu Dziedzictwa. Specjalizuje się w dziedzinie zagrożeń dla zabytków.
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