Wskrzeszanie brata. Tadeusza Różewicza historie rodzinne
The Resurrection of a Brother: Family Stories of Tadeusz Różewicz
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The book "Nasz Starszy Brat" (1992), prepared by Tadeusz Różewicz, is a memorial book based on the type of silva rerum, and dedicated to his brother Janusz, an army soldier and poet murdered by the Nazis. By selecting and confronting with each other various, "recycled" materials (poems, prose, photographs, documents, letters, and memoirs), Różewicz shapes the narrative of a collective and private trauma. He creates a family portrait and self-portrait of the "survivor", extended between melancholy and mourning in the process of "resurrecting" memory of his brother. The role of a host of the collection means "the organization of knowledge" (Ankersmit): creating a vision of home by skipping too personal fragments, stylistic interventions, compositional operations. They become tools of control over textually creative mechanisms: "commemoration" and "testimony". Różewicz documents the process of silencing the drama as a paradoxical Foucault's "discursive practices", and collective response to crisis, which in the light of the psychiatric findings reinforces the guilt of survivors (Orwid ). Most important, though only suggested in the way of biographical analogy, is the source of trauma turns out to be the Jewish origin of Różewicz brothers, covered by the silence, which is documented in the later texts of the author of "Faces of anxiety": volume of "Mother departs" (1999 in Polish, 2013 in English), the short story "Drewniany karabin' (2002). The death of Janusz for Tadeusz Różewicz becomes the ultimate experience of being forsaken by the God. The only form of immortality offered to the Elder Brother results in its resurrection in the word.
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