2019 | 4(235) | 103-128
Article title

Rolnicy, kowboje i drwale. Koncepcje wiejskich męskości w obszarze badań nad wsią

Title variants
Farmers, Cowboys and Lumberjacks. Ideas of Rural Masculinities in Rural Studies
Languages of publication
Artykuł ma na celu analizę koncepcji, kierunków i perspektyw badawczych, za pomocą których nauki o wsi opisują wiejskich mężczyzn. Analiza powstała na podstawie najważniejszych publikacji podejmujących temat relacji między płcią kulturową a wsią w szeroko pojętych społeczeństwach zachodnich. Artykuł opisuje społeczny kontekst tworzenia konstrukcji wiejskich męskości, ich przemiany oraz główne kategorie, które pozwalają na ich definiowanie. Wyodrębnione kategorie analityczne to: rolnictwo i jego znaczenie w kreowaniu figury rolnika/farmera jako symbolu męskości wiejskiej; alkohol i publiczne odgrywanie męskości; seksualność i erotyczne obrazy wsi; małżeństwo heteroseksualne i praktyki rodzicielskie. Celem artykułu jest ukazanie dynamiki wiejskich męskości i zmian, którym podlegają, oraz wskazanie wzajemnych powiązań miasta i wsi w kontekście męskości. Artykuł wskazuje na potrzebę zwrócenia uwagi na dotychczas rzadko poruszane w polskiej socjologii wsi kwestie, na przykład sytuację osób nieheteronormatywnych.
The article is an analysis of the concepts, perspectives, and premises used in rural studies to depict rural men. The most influential publications that are devoted to the interlinkages between gender and rurality in Western societies have been analyzed. The article presents the social context, in which the constructs of rural masculinities have emerged, the transformations thereof and the key categories they are defined by. These categories are: the agriculture and its role in the construction of a farmer figure as a symbol of rural masculinity; alcohol and public performances of masculinity; sexuality and the erotic images of the countryside; heterosexual marriage and parental practices. The article aims at demonstrating the dynamics of changes in rural masculinities and indicating the connections between city and the countryside in the aspect of masculinity. The article calls for more attention to some issues that were infrequently addressed in Polish rural sociology, such as the situation of non-heteronormative persons.
Physical description
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