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2016 | 1(35) | 58-67

Article title

Satysfakcja z wynagrodzenia i zaangażowanie w pracę wśród pracowników firm prywatnych i państwowych


Title variants

Pay satisfaction and work engagement among employees in private and national companies

Languages of publication



Zaangażowanie w pracę i zadowolenie pracowników są istotnymi predyktorami efektywności pracy, liczby absencji i zdrowia. Wydaje się jednak, że wciąż zbyt mało uwagi poświęca się zaangażowaniu i satysfakcji pracowników firm państwowych. Celem artykułu jest odpowiedź na pytanie, jak kształtują się: zaangażowanie w pracę – reprezentowane przez wigor i oddanie – satysfakcja z wynagrodzenia oraz ocena jego sprawiedliwości wśród pracowników sektora publicznego w porównaniu z tymi z przedsiębiorstw prywatnych. Przeprowadzono internetowe badanie opinii w grupie 1065 pracowników firm prywatnych i 203 pracowników firm państwowych z wykorzystaniem kwestionariusza Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Pracownicy firm państwowych charakteryzują się istotnie niższym poziomem satysfakcji z wynagrodzenia i niżej oceniają sprawiedliwość wynagrodzenia w porównaniu z pierwszymi. Wykazano także istotną różnicę o niewielkiej sile w poziomie wigoru, lecz nie wykazano istotnych różnic w poziomie oddania się pracy pomiędzy dwiema grupami badanych. Wyniki te zwracają uwagę na niepokojące zjawisko niskiego zadowolenia z wynagrodzenia wśród pracowników firm państwowych, mogące przekładać się na spadek efektywności i jakości ich pracy.
Work engagement and employee satisfaction are important predictors of work performance, absenteeism and health. However, little attention is still being paid to the engagement and satisfaction of employees of national companies. The aim of the paper is to answer the question of how the level of work engagement is represented by vigour and dedication, satisfaction with pay and pay fairness among employees from national and private companies. An Internet-based opinion poll has been conducted in a group of 1065 employees of private companies and 203 employees of national companies, using the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. It found that employees of national companies had significantly lower level of satisfaction with pay and pay fairness compared to employees of private companies. There also was a significant difference in the small effect size in the level of vigour, but no significant difference in the level of dedication between two groups could be observed. The results highlight low satisfaction with salaries of Polish employees of national companies, which may have a negative impact on the efficiency and quality of their work.


  • Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Jagielloński


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Publication order reference


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