Návrat krále? Restaurační pokusy Karla Habsburského v Maďarsku v roce 1921 ve světle mezinárodních vztahů v Evropě
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Return of the King? The restoration attempts of Charles Habsburg in Hungary in 1921 in the light of international relations in Europe
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The restoration attempts of Charles Habsburg in Hungary were the last efforts to restore the “former order” in Central Europe after the First World War. In the time of relative pacification the restoration attempts caused a crisis between Hungary, the successor states and the Entente, and brought Central Europe on the brink of an armed conflict. The article The Return of the King? is a case study with elements of comparison, the goal of which is to analyse the attitude of foreign policy towards the question of the Habsburg restoration in Hungary and to describe the reaction of the Little Entente and the Allies: the United Kingdom, France, and Italy. The changes of the system of government in Hungary made the ex-king hope that his attempts could succeed. Charles simultaneously hoped for a support of the Entente. However, the restoration attempts were sharply opposed by the states of the Little Entente, which believed that the return of the Habsburg dynasty on the throne of Hungary would constitute a threat to their own sovereignty. In case of a successful restoration the Little Entente threatened with a military intervention. The danger of the restoration attempts catalysed cooperation of the Little Entente and helped the completion of the alliance. The Allies had to intervene in order to maintain peace in Central Europe and adopted a negative position. The goal of this article is to prove that the restoration of Habsburg dynasty was not achievable in given circumstances of foreign policy.
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