Stvoření a(neb) příroda: K hermeneutickém u přístupu raně novověké teologie ve vztahu k přírodní vědě
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Creation and(or) Nature: On the Hermeneutical Approach of Early Modern theology in Relation to the Natural Sciences
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The text examines Early Modern theology’s explanation of the world and nature in the context of the gradually differing hermeneutical approach of the natural sciences. Using the criterion of systematic theoretical difference, distinguishing from an objectivising and performative perspective, it reflects on the nature of the approaches of theology and natural science as they are being shaped in the Late Middle Ages (Nicholas of Cusa, nominalism) and during the Early Modern period (theologia naturalis, Baroque scholasticism). The text refers to the interconnectedness at the time of metaphysical rationality with the religious world-view and looks into the issue of whether Early Modern theology’s methods were an adequate tool in the face of the new epistemological requirements of the natural sciences. The reasoning of positive and speculative theology (evidence from the Bible and from reason) appears to be formalising the content of faith and therefore does not seem to develop its own potential contribution of theology to the explanation of creation as nature.
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