КОРЕКЦІЯ ГІПЕРАКТИВНОСТІ РОЗУМОВО ВІДСТАЛИХ ДІТЕЙ ШКІЛЬНОГО ВІКУ ЗАСОБАМИ ЛФК ТА АУТОГЕННОГО ТРЕНУВАННЯ
Correction of hyperactivity in mentally retarded children of school age by means of physical therapy and autogenic training.
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Nowadays, many research works are focused mainly on the study of ADHD in normally developed children and avoid children with different forms of pathologies, in particular, children with mental retardation. The purpose of this article is the theoretical substantiation of a complex of correctional-developing programs for children with mental retardation who have hyperactivity disorder. The author developed complexes of means of physical therapy and general advice on nutrition, aimed at the correction of psychophysical condition. It is stressed that over the past decade there have been significant changes in views concerning the deviations of mental development of children and adolescents. A number of positions in the psychology and psychopathology of children’s age was revised, which allowed a new approach to existing realities. Students with comorbidity disorder – mental retardation and ADHD – in the process of socialization causes many psychological difficulties that are not typical for children with mental retardation. As the result, they disturbed the formation of a personality. Such students constitute a group at high risk for school and social maladjustment. For the treatment and correction of hyperactive behavior the following means are used: drug therapy (psychostimulants); psychotherapy (meditation, autogenic training, family therapy, behavioral therapy); the dosed physical activity. However, in addition to medical effects, popular although not sufficiently justified means to a hyperactive child are psychological tools and means of physical culture. Taken together psycho-educational support along with medical, psychotherapeutic and rehabilitation are considered to be quite effective. Preliminary analysis of literature data showed that the complex correction of mentally retarded hyperactive children must include physical activity. We have developed a special program that included: physiotherapy with special exercises on the recovery of the behavioral reactions, improve coordination of movements, breathing exercises and relaxation of muscles; diet therapy and autogenic training.
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