НЕОБХІДНІСТЬ ПІДГОТОВКИ МАЙБУТНЬОГО ВЧИТЕЛЯ ДО ФОРМУВАННЯ ЕКОЛОГІЧНОЇ КУЛЬТУРИ МОЛОДШИХ ШКОЛЯРІВ
Training future teachers to formation of ecological culture of junior pupils.
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The article deals with the need to prepare future teachers to formation of ecological culture of primary school pupils in a modern ecological situation. The proof of the relevance of future teachers training and certain inconsistencies in the training of future specialists in higher education institutions of the pedagogical direction is given. It is concluded that the problem of preventing environmental catastrophe, humanity’s transition to sustainable development, without a doubt, surpasses in grandeur all other with which mankind has met in its development. In these circumstances, special attention deserves the problem of educating an environmentally literate highly moral and healthy generation, able to exist and develop in a complex changing environment. This issue should be resolved through the formation of ecological culture, ranging from primary school age, and professional training of a future teacher for implementation of this process. From that perspective, the study of the problem in the literature suggests that training of the future teachers of primary school to the formation of ecological culture of primary school pupils requires a re-evaluation and rethinking. Relevance of the research topic is due to: the integration of Ukraine into the global cultural and educational space, low level of formation of ecological culture at the level of primary education determined by the insufficient development of the environmental component in the structure of professional training of teachers. Training of the future teachers to the formation of environmental culture is an actual problem, because in the conditions of ecological crisis particularly important is the problem of educating an environmentally literate generation. As a result of analysis of literary sources, we came to the conclusion that in the lower grades there are all necessary conditions for the full disclosure of environmental problems, for shaping the humanistic and environmental ideals. Further development will be focused on modeling the process of training future teachers to the formation of ecological culture of junior schoolchildren and the determination of the components, criteria, indicators and levels of formation of readiness of future teachers to the formation of ecological culture of junior schoolchildren.
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