СТРУКТУРА ПСИХОЛОГІЧНОГО МЕХАНІЗМУ ФОРМУВАННЯ ІНШОМОВНИХ ЗДІБНОСТЕЙ
The structure of psychological mechanism of forming foreign language capacity.
Languages of publication
At present due to the rapid development of intercultural communication the problem of researching the foreign language capacity is really topical. The aim of this paper is to describe the structure of psycholinguistic mechanisms of forming foreign language capacity of the personality and characterize its main components. In the paper the essence of the notion “foreign language capacity” is defined. We interpret this term as the individual-psychological and psycho-physiological peculiarities which enable the high rate and level of mastering foreign language under certain conditions and within the scope of a particular language teaching methodology that is, acquiring basic speaking-, listening-, reading- and writing skills. Language capacity is usually realized in speech activity which stipulates a number of interconnected language actions, that is semantic, phonematic, lexical, morphological and phonetic ones. The main components of the foreign language capacity structure are selected and characterized. They are as follows: foreign language thinking and feel for language. The individual-typical peculiarities (or types) of mastering languages are analyzed. There are three of them, that is communicative speech, cognitive-linguistic and mixed ones. These types differ in the volume of aural- or visual memory; the lability-inertness of mental-speech processes; capacity for speech activity or linguistic analysis. The role and place of internal and external factors which affect the forming of foreign language capacity are defined. The internal factors are as follows: a number of a person’s inclinations along with his or her potential possibilities which stipulate the prevalence of a particular form of activity. The external factors are teaching methods as well as a teacher’s personal characteristics and the peculiarities of the social and psychological environment in which the teaching process takes place. It is substantiated that capacity for communication form the basis of communication skills of the personality and it has its own specific character and structure. The general structure of psychological mechanism of forming foreign language capacity is characterized. It has the following structure: inclinations – foreign language communicative activity – foreign language capacity – secondary linguistic identity – foreign language activity – foreign language competence.
Publication order reference