ПРОБЛЕМА ЗАБЕЗПЕЧЕННЯ УСПІШНОГО НАВЧАННЯ В УМОВАХ ЙОГО ПОЄДНАННЯ ІЗ ВИРОБНИЧОЮ ПРАЦЕЮ У ТВОРЧОСТІ А. С. МАКАРЕНКА
The problem of ensuring the successful schooling in theconditions of its connection with the industrial labor in the works of A. S. Makarenko
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In the article there has been made an attempt based on the analysis, compilation and systematization of the materials related to the creativity of A. S. Makarenko to determine the prospects of using his expertise for effective connection of high-resulted schooling with industrial work of seniors in modern conditions. The study has showed that A. S. Makarenko considered successful learing at school as a principally important issue even in the conditions of high employment of the pupils of Dzerzhinsky commune. The result was the high levels of schooling. The highlights, on which the head of the commune focused most of all in this matter were: the school staff of the commune presented by highly skilled, creative, initiative teachers; increased attention to the prevention of school absenteeism, regardless of the degree of employment in manufacturing; mandatory provision of opportunities to compensate for failure at school due to the exemption from work responsibilities; subtle account of the individual characteristics, talents and inclinations of each child in determining his employment sector in the labor collective commune system. There has been formulated the idea that the provision of a complex connection of certain important factors of such experience will give an ability to progressively expand the connection process of employment of seniors in various types of industrial activity with effective learning in modern conditions. The main factors have been named: the maximum cooperation in this matter of the leaders of industrial facilities with school and family; optimizing the time mode of employment at school, in extracurricular activity, homework and industry – preventing overstrain students; the maximum possible preservation of the staff both in the educational process and in the terms of extracurricular work.
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