ФЕНОМЕН ТВОРЧОГО ПОТЕНЦІАЛУ У ПСИХОЛОГО-ПЕДАГОГІЧНІЙ ТЕОРІЇ ТА ПРАКТИЦІ
The creative potential phenomenon in the psychological and teaching theory and practice
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Nowadays engineers are facing complicated tasks and problems while realizing their professional responsibilities. The engineer may not have experience of solving such problems or their counterparts. It means that expert must be rather creative to produce new ideas, new ways or products. Engaging into the innovative activity the engineer becomes the source of production, science and society development. The problems connected with the studying of personality or professional creativity are cross-disciplinary. They are investigated by authorities in psychology, cognitive science, pedagogy, philosophy (the philosophy of science particularly), social science, study of culture, language and literature study etc. It means the concept node in this field is not steady and well-defined. The purpose of the current paper is to analyze and specify the creative potential taking into account different approaches, scientific and practical context which includes the term. Theoretical and empirical analysis enabled to study original sources, scientific and practical papers in order to get information about world experience in professional education and future engineers training particularly. Content analysis and abstracting are used to define concretely conceptual and category set. Synthesis, comparison and generalization made it possible to consider and match various views on the problem. The analysis shows there is no the only definition of creativity as the term is used to describe a great amount of diverse categories, such as activity, abilities, process, phenomena, etc. The definition of the concept core as the “creating of something new” is significant for the current research. This enables to suppose that “creative” or “the creativity” would always mean “creating of something new” and it is not important which context it is included in. Creative potential is coupled with creativity and is widely used by the scientists. At the same time it is not described well enough and does not have numerous explanations presented in the scientific sources. Presented analysis of the existing definitions gave grounds to make a general conclusion and consider the engineer’s creative potential as an integrative professional characteristic which is based on the genetically given personal inclinations and tendencies and reflects the abilities of the person to realize innovative activity.
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