Mediazione conciliativa e fiscalitá indiretta – parte seconda: Il regime dell’imposta di registro
Conciliatory mediation and indirect taxation – part two: The scheme of registration fee
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The second tax measure of favor on conciliatory mediation, consists of partial exemption from registration fee: art. 17, paragraph 3, d.lgs. n. 28/2010 prescribes that the agreement is exempt from registration fee, within the limit of euro 50,000.00 value; otherwise, the tax is due to the excess, according to ordinary criteria, namely a fixed fee in the event that the performance be deducted in the minutes of settlement are subject to Value Added Tax (VAT), depending on the meaning of art. 40, d.p.r. n. 131 of 1986, that is, otherwise, the tax will be applied with the proportional rate, which varies in relation to the content of the agreement. The calculation of the overpayment should be carried out according to the actual verbal content to determine if the case requires the mandatory or voluntary registration and if the tax is to be calculated as fixed or proportional size. The agreement on the outcome of the mediation procedure, annexed to the minutes or transfused within it, can take nature, contents and effects, ranging from assessment, to surrender, to the transaction itself. The nature of the store has a priority interest for the ombudsman and mediation body to the effects of the registration fee. The facility is aimed at encouraging recourse to mediation proceedings and to promote success. The benefit, however, may give rise to possible tax avoidance phenomena, in this case in which the parties are abusing the mediation process with the conclusion of agreements aimed to establish the constituent acts or slides that are benefiting from lower tax treatment of the ordinary: the parties may have recourse in a fictitious to mediation, simulating a dispute does not exist, to receive partial exemption from registration fee and implement tax-cost slides effects content, with a dangerous instrumentalisation of the mediation procedure.
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