Druga Rzeczpospolita między Trzecią Rzeszą i Rosją Sowiecką. Troska o zachowanie pokoju w europie a los kraju mniejszego
Second Polish Republic between Third Reich and Soviet Union. The concern to keep peace in Europe and fate of a lesser country
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The article presents relations between the concern of Western world powers (Great Britain and France) about keeping peace on the Old Continent and a fate of the Second Polish Republic, between huge European decision-makers' aspirations and a national interest of the lesser country, situated between the powerful neighbors - the Third Reich and the Soviet Russia. It is, at the same time, a specific contribution to the essence of European order of the Interwar period. Preserving independence and territorial integrity was the superior aim of Second Polish Republic. In connection with this, the country rested on France and Great Britain, expecting their support and help. They wanted to keep peace in Europe, which seemed - in theory at least - as some hope for the Polish country, hope to save the threatened sovereignty. Nonetheless, in practice, it turned out that the Western world powers aimed at “saving” peace at all costs, at the expense of other, lesser countries, including Poland. Poland's French and British allies - as could have been expected - would have exerted pressure on the country if Germans had clearly implied on the 31st August 1939 that, in exchange for the Polish licences to the benefit of the Third Reich, they would renounce any military decisions and thus the peace in Europe would be preserved.
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