About the date when the foundation privilege was granted to Chełmno and Toruń
O czasie wystawienia przywileju lokacyjnego Chełmna i Torunia
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The article addresses the problem of dating the foundation privilege for Chełmno and Toruń. The author presents the discussion which has been held so far in reference to the problem; he also attempts to estimate the value of the arguments used in the debate. The author devotes a great deal of space to the analysis of the argumentation of the German researcher Marc Löwener, who made an attempt to revise the well-established opinion that the foundation privilege for Chełmno and Toruń had been issued on 31 December 1233. According to the author, the attempt did not bring convincing arguments for dating the Chełmno foundation privilege in 1232; still, the author considered this option to be adequate. The author maintains that the evidence for the aforementioned dating of the document is the content of the document issued by the Magdeburg burgrave Burchard von Querfurt in Schraplau in 1233. In the same way, the author interpreted the results of his research on the various styles of commencing a new year in the Monastic State. According to the findings, the Teutonic knights in the 13th century used the a nativitate style. Another argument supporting the opinion that the Chełmno foundation privilege was issued in 1232 is the fact that in the Chełmno document the title “Lodewicus in Quidin provisor” was used with reference to the governor of Kwidzyn, while in 1233 the title should have taken the form of “provisor Insule Sancte Marie”.
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