PL EN


2012 | 9 | 7-23
Article title

The game of cricket as a source of metaphors

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Once a part of the social experience of a relatively small minority, eventually cricket, with its rich terminology, became a fixed concept for a large part of the English nation. With the passage of time, cricket started to lend vocabulary and phrases to areas of experience outside the sport and its literal domains. However, it is not the origin of a phrase that is responsible for its comprehension, nor is it its literal meaning; it is the fact that the phrase has become an established part of a conceptual system of the nation. The literal meaning of an idiomatic expression or the meaning of its individual components will generally be of little help in its interpretation. Frequently there does not seem to be a direct correlation between them and if a connection exists, it is often arbitrary. The main purpose of the article is to present a selection of nine idioms/metaphors the source domain of which is the English sport of cricket. An attempt is also made to show the possible degrees of correlation between the literal and non-literal meanings of the examples considered. For the analysis of the metaphors the conceptual metaphor theory developed by Lakoff and Johnson (1980) has been applied.
Contributors
author
  • Filologiczne Studia Doktoranckie, Uniwersytet Gdański, izabela.dixon@tu.koszalin.pl
  • Instytut Neofilologii i Komunikacji Społecznej, Politechnika Koszalińska
References
  • Biblia Warszawsko-Praska (1997). Warszawa: Brytyjskie i Zagraniczne Towarzystwo Biblijne.
  • Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. London: Aurum Press Ltd.
  • Evans, Vyvyane, Melanie Green (2006). Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Hughes, Simon (2001). The Analyst’s Guide to Test Cricket. London: Macmillan Publisher Ltd.
  • Kalisz, Roman (2001). Językoznawstwo kognitywne w świetle językoznawstwa funkcjonalnego. Gdańsk: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego.
  • Lakoff, George (1982). Categories: An Essay in Cognitive Linguistics. Cognitive Science Program, Institute of Cognitive Studies, University of California at Berkeley.
  • Lakoff, George (1987). Women, Fire and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Mind. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • Lakoff, George, Mark Turner (1989). More than Cool Reason:
  • A Field Guide to Poetic Metaphor. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • Lakoff, George, Mark Johnson (2003 [1980]). Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Langacker, Ronald W. (1987). Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Volume 1: Theoretical Prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Orwell, George (1945). “The sporting spirit”. Tribune, December 1945. On-line. <http://orwell.ru/library/articles/spirit/ english/e_spirit>. Accessed 10.03.2010.
  • Pycroft, James (1859). The Cricket Field: or, The History and Science of Cricket. American Edition. Boston, MA: Mayhew and Baker.
  • Rundel, Michael (2006). The Wisden Dictionary of Cricket. 3rd edition. London: A & C Black.
  • Svalund, Jan (2007). “Metaphor and Convention”. Cognitive Linguistics 18/1: 47-89.
  • Turewicz, Kamila (2000). Applicability of Cognitive Grammar as a Foundation of Pedagogical/Reference Grammar. Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.
  • Adams, Guy (2010). “On and off target: From war-torn Baghdad to battles in outerspace, what are the chances of success”. The Independent. On-line.
  • Azad, Rajiv (2009). “Anil Kumble on a sticky wicket”. MeriNews. On-line.
  • “Blair batting on a sticky wicket”. The Kingdom. Thursday, June 12, 2003. On-line.
  • Brasher, Stephen (1999). “Dream Cabinet of the century”. New Statesman. On-line.
  • Connah, Jennifer (2002). “Good innings for British news agency”. On-line.
  • Cramer, Steve (2009). “Edinburgh Festival delivers a good innings”. Edinburgh Festival Guide. On-line.
  • Creesey, Daniel (2009). “Putting plagiarists on the back foot”. The Great Beyond. On-line.
  • Fenby, Jonathan (2009). “Obama on the back foot in China”. The Guardian. On-line.
  • Jivkove, Michael (2005). “Market back at pre-9/11 levels”. The Independent. On-line.
  • “Kirstie” (2010). Yahoo! Answers. On-line. <http://au.answers. yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100304222325AAkiW0h>. Accessed 10.03.2010.
  • Robers, Calvin (2010). “Gayle and Deonarine level ODI series for Windies”. Guayana Chronicle. On-line.
  • Scott-Elliot, Robin (2009). “Murdoch’s sky hit for six by threat of losing TV cricket”. The Independent. On-line.
  • Sharman, Mark (1999). “Howzat”. The Guardian. On-line.
  • Smith, Sidney (1845). Smith, Sydney (1845). Fragment on Irish Affairs. On-line. <http://www.phrases.org.uk/meanings/ off-his-own-bat.htmlaccess>. Accessed 15.03.2010.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
1732-1220
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-36222730-f61a-4133-93a3-4ccfc76afb22
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.