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2017 | 18 | 187-206

Article title

Demographic changes and the need for later career opportunities


Title variants

Zmiany demograficzne i potrzeba umożliwienia rozwoju „późnej kariery” zawodowej

Languages of publication



Niniejszy artykuł dotyczy analizy materiałów, w których opisano różne przeprowadzone badania nad wydłużonym okresem życia zawodowego oraz „późnymi karierami” jako konsekwencjami zmian demograficznych oraz zmian stylu życia zawodowego. Przedstawione zostały tematy, zagadnienia i badania dotyczące możliwości rozwoju kariery osób w średniej i późnej dorosłości, opublikowane w ostatnich latach. W artykule przedstawiono analizę materiału empirycznego pobranego z bazy danych Academic Search Elite. Proces pozyskiwania materiału do analizy przebiegał następująco: najpierw z bazy danych wybrano 141 artykułów, z których do ostatecznej analizy wykorzystano 63 artykuły. W pierwszym etapie treść każdego artykułu była identyfikowana, mapowana, kodowana i klasyfikowana jako analiza treści, która stanowiła podstawową metodę. Kody i kategorie, z taką samą lub podobną treścią, zostały połączone i wyłoniono pięć ogólnych zagadnień: potrzeba poradnictwa kariery dla osób w każdym wieku, zagadnienie kariery dla niektórych zawodów, ścieżki kariery imigrantów, późne kariery, czynniki jakości życia, podłużne korelacje między warunkami wcześniejszego etapu życia a późną karierą. Powyższe zagadnienia omawiane są pod kątem perspektyw i zainteresowań, które wydają się dominować. Pokazane są także luki i wyzwania dla prowadzenia dalszych badań w przyszłości.
This study explores previous research about extended working lives and later careers, as consequences of demographic changes alongside with a changing working life. Issues and themes visible in recent research on midlife and older adults’ careers opportunities are explored. A traditional literature review is conducted, in which peer reviewed articles on midlife and older adults’ careers issues and opportunities in an extended and changing working life are localized and downloaded as material for this study. This paper presents an analysis of empirical material downloaded from the Academic Search Elite database. The process of locating material from databases resulted in 141 articles selected for a deeper screening. Among these, 63 were finally selected as empirical material for analysis. Initially, the content of each article was identified, mapped, coded and categorized with content analysis as the basic method. The codes and categories with same or similar content were then brought together, and resulted in five overall themes: the need for all-age-career guidance services, career issues among certain professions, immigrants’ career paths, later careers and factors of well-being, and longitudinal correlations between early life conditions and late career. These themes are then discussed in terms of perspectives and interests that seem to dominate, and possible gaps and challenges for future research are also discussed.






Physical description




  • Stockholm University, Department of Education, Stockholm, Sweden


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