Strop renesansowy w dawnej kamienicy mieszczańskiej przy ulicy Łaziennej 4 w Toruniu
A RENAISSANCE CEILING IN AN OLD BURGHER’S HOUSE AT 4, ŁAZIENNA STREET IN TORUŃ
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During building and conservation works carried out in a building at 4, Łazienna street in Toruń, an unknown Renaissance ceiling with a rich painter’s decoration was uncovered. The ceiling of a deal type was flat, supported with one end in the courtyard wall of the building, and with the other on a transversal wall separating routes. Its technical condition was not good, beams bent and dampened, polychromy dirty and incomplete. Conservation works carried out in 1975—1976 upon the recommendation of the Town Monuments Conservator in Toruń consisted in the structural strengthening of the wood and its protection against further damage and also cleaning, fixing and making-up the missing parts in the painting layer. As regards the style, painting decoration of the ceiling belongs to the circle of north European art, close to Netherlands mannerism from the end of the 16th and the beginnings of the 17th centuries. Its thème is taken mainly from the plant and animal world; still one can find there also human figures, e.g. townsmen in historic costumes from the early 17th century. The author of the celing’s decoration is anonymous; perhaps it was some guild painter of Polish descent, which is confirmed by a white Polish eagle placed on one of the beams. Most probably in the early 19th century the ceiling was covered wiht soffit boards due to its bad technical condition. Since then until the undertaking of conservation works (1974) it stayed out of sight.
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- J. F r y c z , Stropy w kamienicach mieszczańskich w Polsce, „Zeszyty Naukowe UMK”, z. 16, Zabytkoznawstwo i Konserwatorstwo, I, s. 194.
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