Languages of publication
In this paper, the mode in which the self reveals itself in the contemporary world-historical situation will be analysed. Hence, the focus will be on a particular form of technological mediation of the self by examining a recent phenomenon commonly referred to as the s e l f i e. Unlike most psychological studies suggest, it will be argued that selfies enable a human epistemological need to realize self-knowledge. Thus, they are not a mere result of narcissistic disorder. Furthermore, I will claim that the self-knowledge achieved via the selfie does not necessarily offer a lower level of aesthetic perfection as a means of self-knowledge gained via other “classical” art forms, and that the prejudice that this is the case is a result of a surpassed dualistic view of human nature. In the conclusion of the paper the investigation will be extended to the question of what the selfie can teach us about the essence of (modern) technology and, inversely, what from (modern) technology we can tell about the (modern) self. In doing so, Gehlen’s and Heidegger’s views on the essence of technology will be employed. Finally, to answer the question of whether the self can be revealed in the selfie, Heidegger’s criticism of modern technology will be emphasized and the difference between technology as a way of revealing and technology as a purpose will be underlined.
- Fischer, Joachim. “Exploring the Core Identity of Philosophical Anthropology through the Works of Max Scheler, Helmuth Plessner, and Arnold Gehlen.” Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate, 1 (2009): 153-170.
- Gehlen, Arnold. Man in the Age of Technology. Translated by Patricia Lipscomb, New York: Columbia University Press, 1980.
- Grigenti, Fabio. “Arnold Gehlen – Inadequacy and Technology.” In Existence and Machine. The German Philosophy in the Age of Machines (1870–1960), Springer International Publishing, 2016..
- Groys, Boris.“Art in the Age of Biopolitics: From Artwork to Art Documentation.” Translated by Steven Lindberg, Accessed June l7, 2017. http://www.ranadasgupta.com/notes.asp?note_id=34.
- Halperna, Daniel, Sebastián Valenzuela and James E. Katzb. “‘Selfie-ists’ or ‘Narci-selfiers’?: A cross-lagged panel analysis of selfie taking and narcissism.” Personality and Individual Differences, 97 (2016): 98–101.
- Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Elements of the Philosophy of Right. Translated by H. B. Nisbet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
- Heidegger, Martin. “The Question Concerning Technology.” In The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays. Translated by William Lovitt. NewYork/London: Garland Publishing, 1977.
- Hess, Aaron. “The Selfie Assemblage.” International Journal of Communication, 9 (2015): 1629–l646.
- Jaggar, Alison M. and Karsten J. Struhl. “Human nature.” In Encyclopaedia of Bioethics, II, edited by Stephen G. Post, l209–l22l. USA: Macmillan Reference, 2004.
- Sorokowski, Piotr, Agnieszka Sorokowska, Anna Oleszkiewicza, Tomasz Frackowiak, Alexander Huk and Katarzyna Pisanski. “Selfie posting behaviors are associated with narcissism among men.” Personality and Individual Differences, 85 (2015): 123-127.
- Pirandelo, Luigi. One, No One, and One Hundred Thousand. Translated by William Weaver, Boston: Eridanos Press, 1990.
- Plotinus. “On the Nature and Source of Evil.” In The Six Enneads, Translated by Stephen Mackenna and B. S. Page. The First Ennead, Eighth Tractate. Accessed June 15, 2017. http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/03d/0204-0270,_Plotinus,_The_Six_Enneads,_EN.pdf.
- Saltz, Jerry. “Art at Arm’s Length: A History of the Selfie”, The New York Magazine, February 3, 2014, Accessed May 5, 2017. http://www.vulture.com/2014/01/history-of-the-selfie.html.
- Selak, Marija. Ljudska priroda i nova epoha (Human nature and New epoch). Zagreb: Naklada Breza, 2013.
- Selak, Marija. “Majmuni i majmunisanje” (Monkeys and Acting Like Monkeys). H-alter, January l8, 2016, http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/majmuni-i-majmunisanje.
- Weiser, Eric B. “#Me: Narcissism and its facets as predictors of selfie-posting frequency.” Personality and Individual Differences, 86 (2015): 477–481.
Publication order reference