Instytucja premii wyborczej jako narzędzie inżynierii wyborczej
Electoral Bonus as an Electoral Engineering Tool
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Electoral bonus is one of the elements of the electoral system with important but little-known political implications. The purpose of the articles is to review the electoral systems that use the mechanism for granting additional seats, and to identify their political implications. It provides an analysis of solutions used in multiple-tier electoral systems and party list-linking mechanisms. The electoral practice shows that electoral bonuses can be used both to offset the disproportionate results of the election and to reinforce large parties. This mainly applies to election winners who, due to bonus seats, can receive an absolute majority of seats in parliament without gaining an absolute majority of votes. It is, therefore, a powerful electoral engineering tool that can signifi cantly correct the effects of any election formula, for example, from a proportional to a majority one or vice versa.
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