PL EN


2014 | 4 | 15-31
Article title

Romańskie krucyfiksy brązowe z terenu Pomorza Zachodniego

Content
Title variants
Romanesque Bronze Crucifixes from Western Pomerania
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
The bronze crucifixes found in Western Pomerania are examples of tiny crucifixes that were extremely popular during the Romanesque period. In the 12th century and later they were the basic equipment of churches, where they used to be placed on the altars, carried in processions, and used in liturgy or as reliquaries. Both the examples described in the text are realisations of the same pattern within one workshop. On the other hand, they present different forms: the crucifix from Żelichowo is more naturalistic and its character is more creative, whereas the one from Pyrzyce is more schematic (or simplistic) and decorative. The specific form of the head and the structure of the perizoma situate both, according to the classification of Peter Boch, in the group of crucifixes called Hermannburger Folge. Very strong resemblance of both to the image on the Płock Gates, especially in the shapes of the heads with the dominating nose, a ‘garland’ of a beard and slanting eyes, makes it possible to connect both the crucifixes with the Magdeburg workshop and date them to the 7th century. They have been found within the limits of the Duchy of Pomerania (German: Herzogtum Pommern), which testifies that the first Pomeranian churches functioned according to the customs of the time; they also confirm that the transportation tracks, which were bustling with activity, linked the region with important European centres, especially with Magdeburg, which played a significant role in the cultural and civilisational development of Pomerania and Poland.
Year
Issue
4
Pages
15-31
Physical description
Contributors
References
  • Bloch P., Romanische Bronzekruzifixe, Berlin 1992.Historia Pomorza, red. G. Labuda, t. I, cz. 2, Poznań 1969.Hoogeweg H., Die Stifter und Klöster der Provinz Pommern, Bd. 2, Stettin 1925.Janocha M., Ewolucja liturgii mszalnej w XIV i XV wieku w Polsce w świetle świadectw ikonograficznych, w: Sztuka około 1400. Materiały Sesji Stowarzyszenia Historyków Sztuki, Poznań, listopad 1995, Warszawa 1995.Janowski A., Słowiński S., Sceny mitologiczne na misie brązowej z Nowego Objezierza i źródła ich inspiracji, „Biuletyn Historii Sztuki” 2008, R. 70.Katalog zabytków sztuki w Polsce: Powiat pyrzycki, red. M. Zgliński, Seria Nowa, t. XIII, z. 1, Warszawa 2013.Knapiński R., Credo Apostolorum w romańskich Drzwiach Płockich, Płock 1992.Lemcke H., Die Bau- und Kunstdenkmäler des Regierungsbezirks Stettin, Bd. 2, H. 7: Der Kreis Pyritz, Stettin 1906.Mende U., Die Bronzetüren des Mittelalters, 800–1200, München 1983.Mende U., Die mittelalterlichen Bronzen im Germanischen Nationalmuseum. Bestandskatalog, Nürnberg 2013.Mende U., Schreiber-Mönch und reitende Superbia. Bronzeleuchter der Magdeburger Gußwerkstatt des 12. Jahrhunderts, w: Erzbischof Wichmann (1152–1192) und Magdeburg im hohen Mittelalter. Stadt – Erzbistum – Reich. Ausstellung zum 800.Todestag Erzbischof Wichmanns vom 29. Oktober 1992 bis 21. Marz 1993, hrsg. v. M. Puhle, Magdeburg 1992.Rębkowski M., Chrystianizacja Pomorza Zachodniego. Studium archeologiczne, Szczecin 2007.Rymar E., Cedynia jako ośrodek administracyjny (XII–XIII w.) i miejski (XIII–XVI w.), w: Cedynia i okolice poprzez wieki, red. P. Migdalski, Chojna–Szczecin 2013.Strzelczyk J., Apostołowie Europy, Warszawa 1997.Strzelczyk J., „Omnis pacis artifex”: arcybiskup magdeburski Wichmann i jego epoka, (rec.:) Erzbischof Wichmann (1152–1192) und Magdeburg im hohen Mittelalter. Stadt – Erzbistum – Reich. Ausstellung zum 800. Todestag Erzbischof Wichmanns vom 29. Oktober 1992 bis 21. Marz 1993, rsg. v. M. Puhle, Magdeburg 1992, „Nasza Przeszłość” 1993, t. 80.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-38acb813-a792-4822-97fa-041a443f88d6
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