Oslobodenie Izraela z Egypta: Výklad Ex 3–14 v diele Gregora Nysského Život Mojžiša (II,19–129)
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Israel’s Liberation from Egypt: Exegesis of Ex 3–14 in Gregory of Nyssa’s Life of Moses (II,19–129)
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The biblical narrative about Moses’ call to become Israel’s liberator, his coming to Egypt and liberating Israel from Egypt by passing through the Red Sea is a version of a well-known narrative motif about the Liberator Hero. Traditional church exegesis interprets this story as a prefiguration of Jesus´ coming to the world and delivering humanity from the rule of sin. In his interpretation, Gregory of Nyssa takes over the fundamental idea of the tradition – the liberation theme, but stresses the activity of the one called to freedom. For him, the story about Israel’s liberation from Egypt is a narrative about the human struggle for one’s own spiritual freedom. When the divine liberator has provided the basic precondition for human liberation by means of the Incarnation, he recedes into the background and leaves further activity to humans.
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