ФОРМУВАННЯ ОРФОГРАФІЧНОЇ ГРАМОТНОСТІ МОЛОДШИХ ШКОЛЯРІВ
The junior schoolchildren’ spelling literacy forming
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The article is devoted to the study of the problem of junior schoolchildren’ spelling literacy forming, which is covered in the works of the researchers-psychologists (D. Bogojavlensky, P. Halperin, S. Zhuikov) and methodologists (M. Lvov, L. Bozhovych, M. Vashulenko, I. Datsyuk, M. Razumovska), etc. The main tasks that need solution in order to teach junior schoolchildren the rules of spelling and to form the stable spelling skills are distinguished. The author clarifies the essence of the concept of spelling activity which includes the spelling task and the methodology of its solution. It is shown that the spelling task difficulty specifies for the pupil setting, the spelling rule in the word finding and understanding it as a task. The process of this spelling task performing demands from the schoolchildren has several stages. It is stressed on the spelling rules that guide for spelling activities. The author emphasizes the need for the algorithms in the process of the spelling learning use. The main ways and methods of junior schoolchildren spelling literacy forming are observed.The sequence of stages in the junior schoolchildren spelling skills forming beginning with the exercises selecting, forms and methods choosing by the teacher and the skills of spelling rule recognizing, the rule of its finding and practical knowledge holding by the pupil is defined. The creative tasks examples directed to the skills of the spelling rule recognition forming are given. It is stated that in Ukrainian language course in the primary school the spelling material is studied in the context of other programme topics that promotes the pupils’ awareness of the deep and strong language knowledge necessity for the spelling literacy and, at the same time, the written speech culture forming. The author draws the readers’ attention to the fact that the spelling rule correct selection will contribute to the phonetic, lexicological, word formation, grammar material as well as the advanced vocabulary qualitative working up. The author stresses that further research will be carried out in relation to the development and implementation in the undergraduate practice of the future primary schoolteachers innovative methods of forming spelling literacy of junior schoolchildren.
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