ILUMINACJE OBIEKTÓW ZABYTKOWYCH W GDAŃSKU
ILLUMINATIONS OF HISTORICAL OBJECTS IN GDAŃSK
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Attractively illuminated old town walls, gates, churches, town hall and burgher houses. A unique atmosphere producing indelible memories. A highlight for tourists who wish to safely admire picturesque views and night time panoramas. Generally speak-ing, every town benefits from illuminations – people are more willing to spend their summer evenings in attractive streets and squares. First attempts at an illumination of historical objects in Gdańsk were made at the end of the 1960s. A cohesive conception of illumination had been devised by the mid-1970s. The documentation of projects dating from this period formulated in detail the exposition of historical objects, the first being the Royal Tract; the second is the so-called Long Embankment, a parallel route along the left bank of the Motława. The technical projects proposed at the time pertain to illuminating a number of more important objects, and foresaw an illumination steered by a “son et lumiμre” programme. During the 1980s the complex illumination programme continued to be based on the same conception, but was enhanced by new technical solutions. The ensuing plans envisaged a complex electrical steering of the whole illumination of the Main Town and along the promenade on the Motława. They also conceived a full illumination of the solids of historical objects situated in the background in such a way as to render them visible within the context of assorted perspective points. A difficult period for illuminating historical monuments lasted to the mid-1990s. After a long interval, this problem was broached once again in 1995, and plans for modernising the outdated lighting system took into consideration successive historical objects. Modernisation conducted in 1997-1998 consisted mainly of adding old projectors. At the moment, 33 objects are illuminated, and 1 217 illumination points have been installed across Gdańsk. Illuminators situated along the Royal Tract are chosen suitably for the type of object on which they cast light. They discreetly and harmoniously extract solids and facades from the darkness, adapting themselves to their rank and size. The Main Town Town Hall is extremely attractive at night and the near-by church of the Holy Virgin Mary, the largest solid in the Old Town panorama, is slightly less illuminated; thus, both buildings create a harmonious duet. The whole composition is supplemented by the lightflooded facades of town houses in Długi Targ (Long Market), the Court of Arthur (Dwór Artusa), and the exit gates of the Royal Tract (Złota and Zielona Gates), which comprise a background. The silhouette of the Crane towers over the Motława against the background of the Chlebicka, Mariacka, Świętego Ducha, Świętojańska and Straganiarska gates. The illumination is multiplied by the shimmering water of the Motława. Unfortunately, two potentially attractive tourist sites – Targ Węglowy and Targ Rybny (the Coal and Fish Markets) – are submerged in darkness. The situation in the first market square is slightly better thanks to the illumination of the Golden Gate and the Court of St. George. On the other hand, the Fish Market remains not illuminated despite its location. The reason lies in vandalism, a veritable plague impossible to overcome. Due to notorious acts of vandalism there are no plans for illuminating the Lower Town. In the nearest future the Administration of Streets and Parks in Gdańsk will chance illuminating only several objects in the Old Town.
- jest absolwentką Wydziału Sztuk Pięknych Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu (1993-1998). Studiowała na kierunku ochrona dóbr kultury. Uzyskała specjalizację z dziedziny konserwatorstwa i dyplom magistra konserwatorstwa. Pracuje w Regionalnym Ośrodku Badań i Dokumentacji Zabytków w Gdańsku. Zajmuje się problematyką krajobrazu kulturowego, dziedzictwa ruralistycznego i dworskiego, parków, ogrodów i cmentarzy.
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