ТЕХНОЛОГІЇ АКТИВНОГО НАВЧАННЯ У ПРОСТОРІ ХЬЮТАГОГІКИ
Active learning technology in heutagogy area.
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The article presents the modern concept of self-directed learning “heutagogy” which exists within the life-long learning concept. Heutagogy is a concept of self-determined learning rooted in andragogy. The paper outlines key issues for research in heutagogy as a concept for guiding the use of new technologies in distance education. Heutagogical approach to teaching and learning implies autonomy and self-determination. The emphasis is to train adult students for complexities of today’s work. The concept “heutagogy” arose due to the development of distance education new technologies, informatization of society and mobility of workforce. This concept suggests supporting development of learner-generated content and defining the learning outcomes. The author offers a literature review of current research where demonstrates a discussion of the concept meaning and its main principles. In the process of analyzing the scientific inquiry of the article, the author defines the main differences between the teacher – and student-oriented learning. The observation proves that in heutagogy there is no need the presence of a teacher, as students want to see a facilitator rather than a school teacher; the focus is on the process of information acquiring, not the content; supportive character of the concept in relation to adult students’ wish to learn, which disappears during the formal learning. Key principles of the concept are outlined; the comparison of traditional learning concept and conditions with heutagogical is suggested; active learning methods are described. Examples of active methods learning elements are included into the article. Since the key issue of heutagogy is student-oriented content, where student is supposed to manage his educational process himself and to assume responsibility for results, active learning methods are considered to be providers of the issue realization. Active learning instructional strategies are developed and applied to undertake students in critical thinking process, development of communicative skills in a small group, or with the entire class, considering personal outlook and merits, giving and receiving feedback, and reflecting upon the learning process. There are a lot of ways to implement active learning instructional strategies: they can be fulfilled either in-class or out-of-class, be done by students working either as individuals or in group, and be done either with or without the use of technology tools. It should be noted that active learning demands clearly defined objectives and outcomes; on such conditions we will guide students towards their learning goals.
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